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Opec, Russia to raise oil output, Saudi pledges 'measurable' supply boost

Opec and non-Opec said in their statement that they would raise supply by returning to 100 per cent compliance with previously agreed output cuts, after months of underproduction

Reuters  |  Vienna 


agreed with Russia and other on Saturday to raise output from July, with pledging a "measurable" supply boost but giving no specific numbers.

The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries had announced an Opec-only production agreement on Friday, also without clear output targets. Benchmark Brent oil rose by $2.5 or 3.4 per cent on the day to $75.55 a barrel.

On Saturday, non-agreed to participate in the pact but a communique issued after their talks with the Vienna-based group provided no concrete numbers amid deep disagreements between arch-rivals and Iran.

US was among those wondering how much more oil Opec would deliver. "will increase output substantially. Need to keep prices down!" Trump wrote on after Opec announced its Friday decision.

The United States, and India had urged to release more supply to prevent an that could undermine global economic growth.

Opec and non-Opec said in their statement that they would raise supply by returning to 100 per cent compliance with previously agreed output cuts, after months of underproduction.

Saudi said Opec and non-Opec combined would pump roughly an extra 1 million barrels per day (bpd) in coming months, equal to 1 per cent of global supply.

Top global exporter will increase output by hundreds of thousands of barrels, he said, with exact figures to be decided later.

"We already mobilised the machinery, before coming to Vienna, pre-empting this meeting," Falih said, referring to the Saudi company.

Russian said his country would add 200,000 bpd in the second half of this year.

Asked to what extent the decision to increase supply had been driven by pressure from Trump, Novak said: "It is obvious that we are not being driven by tweets but base our actions on deep market analysis."

Iran, Saudi disagreement

Iran, Opec's third-largest producer, had demanded Opec reject calls from Trump for an increase in oil supply, arguing that he had contributed to a recent rise in prices by imposing sanctions on Iran and fellow member

Trump slapped fresh sanctions on in May and market watchers expect Iran's output to drop by a third by the end of 2018. That means the country has little to gain from a deal to raise output, unlike Saudi Arabia.

Iranian said the real increase could amount to as little as 500,000 bpd because Saudi Arabia would not be allowed to pump more on behalf of Venezuela, where output has collapsed in recent months.

"Each country which has produced less (than its allocation) can produce more. Those which cannot, will not... This means that Saudi Arabia can increase its production by less than 100,000 bpd," Zanganeh told

But Falih said pro-rata quota reallocations did not have to be strict, meaning Saudi wanted to fill the gaps left by others.

"Some of the countries ... are not going to be able to produce, so the others will. And that implies there will be indirectly a reallocation," Falih said.

He also said Opec could hold an extraordinary meeting before its next formal talks due on Dec. 3 or adjust deliveries in September, when its monitoring committee meets, if global fell further because of sanctions on Iran.

Opec and its allies have since last year been participating in a pact to cut output by 1.8 million bpd. The measure had helped rebalance the market in the past 18 months and lifted oil to around $75 per barrel from as low as $27 in 2016.

But unexpected outages in Venezuela, and have effectively brought supply cuts to around 2.8 million bpd in recent months.

Falih has warned the world could face a supply deficit of up to 1.8 million bpd in the second half of 2018.

"Both Saudi and Iran can show that they won," an Opec delegate said.

"Zanganeh can go back to his country and say 'I won', because we are keeping the original agreement unchanged. Falih can go back and say 'we will be able to raise production to meet market needs'."

The United States, which rivals Russia and Saudi Arabia for the position of world No.1 oil producer, is not participating in the supply pact.

For a factbox on the history of Opec oil output changes, see

First Published: Sat, June 23 2018. 22:06 IST