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US December manufacturing output posts biggest gain in 10 months

Federal Reserve says manufacturing production jumped 1.1% last month, the biggest gain since February


manufacturing sector
Representative image

increased by the most in 10 months in December, boosted by a surge in the production of motor vehicles and a range of other goods, which could allay fears of a sharp slowdown in factory activity.

The Federal Reserve said on Friday manufacturing production jumped 1.1 per cent last month, the biggest gain since February. Data for November was revised slightly up to show output at factories gaining 0.1 per cent instead of being unchanged as previously reported.

Economists polled by Reuters had forecast rising 0.3 per cent in December. Production at factories increased at a 2.3 per cent annualized rate in the fourth quarter after expanding at a 3.7 per cent pace in the July-September period.

Last month’s surge in manufacturing production is unlikely to be sustained after a report earlier this month showed a measure of new orders received by factories tumbling in December to its lowest level since August 2016.

Manufacturing activity, which accounts for about 12 per cent of the economy, is slowing as some of the boost to capital spending from last year’s $1.5 trillion tax cut package fades. In addition, a strong dollar and cooling growth in Europe and China is hurting exports. Lower oil prices are also slowing purchases of equipment for oil and gas well drilling.

Last month, motor vehicle production surged 4.7 per cent after gaining 0.2 per cent in November. Excluding motor vehicles and parts, manufacturing advanced a solid 0.8 per cent last month, boosted by a strong increase in the output of construction supplies, business supplies and material. That followed a 0.1 per cent gain in November.

December’s surge in manufacturing output, together with a rise in mining production offset a drop in utilities, leading to a 0.3 per cent increase in industrial production. rose 0.4 per cent in November. It increased at a 3.8 per cent rate in the fourth quarter after notching a 4.7 per cent gain in the third quarter.

Utilities output tumbled 6.3 per cent in December as mild temperatures lowered demand for heating, after rising 1.3 per cent in the prior month.

Mining output increased 1.5 per cent last month after climbing 1.1 per cent in November. Oil and gas well drilling fell 0.3 per cent in December.

Capacity utilization for the manufacturing sector, a measure of how fully firms are using their resources, rose to 76.5 per cent in December from 75.8 per cent in November.

Overall capacity use for the industrial sector rose to 78.7 per cent from 78.6 per cent in November. It is 1.1 per centage points below its 1972-to-2017 average. Industrial capacity use rose to 78.0 per cent in 2018, the highest since 2014, compared to 76.1 per cent in 2017.

Officials at the Fed tend to look at capacity use measures for signals of how much “slack” remains in the economy — how far growth has room to run before it becomes inflationary.

First Published: Fri, January 18 2019. 21:46 IST