The virus remains dormant in the body but causes shingles if it reactivates later in life.
The higher risk among blood cancer patients was present two years before their cancer diagnosis.
In addition, those with a solid tumour including cancer in the lung, breast, prostate or other organs had a 30 per cent higher risk of shingles than people without cancer, lead researcher Jiahui Qian from the University of New South Wales in Australia was quoted as saying.
However, this greater risk was largely associated with receiving chemotherapy treatment, rather than with the cancer itself.
Development of new vaccines might help prevent shingles in cancer patients and may be safe for people with weakened immune systems, including those receiving chemotherapy, according to the study published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases.
For the study, the team included about 240,000 cancer patients in Australia.
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