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Over 170 countries agree to reduce shipping emissions by 2050

IANS  |  New Delhi 

Over 170 countries, comprising India, on Friday reached a historic agreement in to reduce shipping emissions by "at least" 50 per cent on 2008 levels by 2050 with an emphasis on scaling up action to 100 per cent by the mid-century.

The decision, arrived at after two weeks of intense negotiations at the (IMO), sends a clear signal to the industry and investors that a clear switch away from fossil fuels is now on the cards.

Meeting the target means that in the 2030s, most newly built ocean-going vessels will run on zero carbon renewable fuels, say experts.

Ships, which transport over 80 per cent of global trade, will become free from fossil fuels by then.

While a few specific objections were made, even the countries with the most ships registered to them supported the deal and only two countries opposed the text outright, an expert, who was part of the negotiations, told IANS.

"The IMO's commitment to reduce emissions by 50 to 100 per cent in 2050 is major progress," Tristan Smith, Reader in Energy and Shipping with the UCL Energy Institute, said in a statement.

"The world's shipping industry has now, for the first time, defined its commitment to tackle climate change, bringing it closer in-line with the Agreement."

John Maggs, of the Clean Shipping Coalition and senior policy advisor, Seas At Risk, said: "We have an important agreement, and this level of ambition will ultimately require a sector-wide shift to new fuels and propulsion technologies, but what happens next is crucial.

"The IMO must move swiftly to introduce measures that will cut emissions deeply and quickly in the short-term. Without these the goals of the agreement will remain out of reach."

has been of the IMO, having ratified its convention and joined it as a member-state in 1959.

According to a UN report, compared to China, and were minor players in the shipping industry with 1.21 per cent and 0.88 per cent, respectively, of the overall world share.

Even the OECD's International Transport Forum (ITF), with 59 member countries including India, in a report released on March 27 talked about decarbonising maritime transport by 2035.

Zero emission from shipping by 2035 was the most ambitious proposal on the table at the IMO, made by the climate-vulnerable Islands and allies.

This report, therefore, directly undercuts the arguments made by that only 50 per cent decarbonisation much later by 2060 is technically feasible.

The main for the growth of global shipping emissions is the rise of international trade, projected to almost double by 2035 and growing at a rate of approximately three per cent per year until 2050.

By 2035, and could dominate global trade with 23 per cent of global export flows.

The share of export values from might be reduced to 26 per cent of the global export flows in 2035, compared to 33 per cent in 2015.



(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

First Published: Sat, April 14 2018. 00:04 IST