The ceremony was attended by other eight Sultans of the country, four non-royal governors and members of the government.
Sultan of Perak, Nazrin Shah, 62, was sworn in as the Vice Minister and will also serve for the next five years.
Malaysia practices the system of a constitutional monarchy. According to its Constitution, the King, who represents the country at official events, is elected every five years from among the nine Sultans on a rotational basis.
The system has been in practice since Malaysia's independence from the UK in 1957 but the lineage of Sultans dates back to the 15th century.
The King is also the Commander-in-Chief of the Malaysian Armed Forces.
Shah, 88, reigned for 45 years.
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