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It's never too early to start saving

Investments done at a young age for the long term can get compounded to huge amounts, over time

Steven Fernandes 

(25) and (25) work at a similar designation in the same company, earning a salary of Rs 35,000 each. Yet, after working for nearly three years, has been able to save around Rs 4.5 lakh and is without any debt, while has been able to save only around Rs 1 lakh and carries a car and credit card debt of around Rs 4 lakh. has clearly earmarked funds for his wedding, planned after two years, while believes that there is no need to plan for the same as any shortfall can be made good with an instant

The above example clearly indicates that, while Chetan is very clear about his goals and believes in planning for the same. Mehul, on the other hand does not have a clear picture of his goals and believes that since he is young, he can decide or plan later. Two people of the same age, with different attitudes about their financial lives.

India is a land of young people with an estimated 50 per cent of our population below the age of 25 years and most of them have a low level of financial literacy. We have often heard the famous quote that “An early bird catches the worm”. This simply means that if you begin early you can finish your task comfortably.
 

THE POWER OF COMPOUNDING

Amount invested
per month (Rs)
Period
(years)
Interest
(%)
Total amount
invested (Rs)
Future
value (Rs)
1,000 5 10 60,000 77,437
1,000 10 10 1,20,000 2,04,845 
1,000 15 10 1,80,000 4,14,470 
1,000 20 10 2,40,000 7,59,369 
1,000 25 10 3,00,000 13,26,833 

At a young age, most people do not have very or too many responsibilities. Yet many are not able to save because saving is done after expenses have been taken care of and most of the time there is hardly anything left.

The reasons for not being able to save can be:   

 

  • Impulsive spending: This is when one spends without any rationale. For example, spending lavishly on electronic gadgets or clothes regularly. Going to the mall without a budgeted purchase in mind can make you spend more than you need to. This behaviour can also make you fall in debt, especially credit card debt, which carries an interest rate ranging from 24 to 36 per cent p.a. 
     
  • Peer Pressure: Spending on things which may not be needed, but only to stay relevant in the group (office or friend circle). For example buying a car on loan because your office colleagues have cars. 
     
  • Thinking that there is enough time to plan later: With age on their side, many young people think that now is the time to enjoy and there will be enough time and resources later to plan for the future.

    What’s the way out?
    Write down your financial goals:
    are milestones in your life such as marriage, buying a house, etc which have some economic value and for which you would require funds. Though it’s difficult for most to even think of later events such as children’s education or retirement, the very fact that if goals are defined early then the investments can be done in the right assets. Consult a financial planner who can help you set with a specific time frame.

    Spend what remains after saving: For young people, basic monthly expenses are limited and in most cases even their parents are not dependent on their income. The best way is to start a recurring deposit scheme in a bank if you have planned for some financial milestone, like marriage, in the near term. Or invest in a Systematic Investment Plan in equity mutual funds if you have long term goals, such as buying a house after five years.

    Learn about the power of compounding: The best thing that young people have to their advantage is time. Investments done at a young age for the long term can get compounded to huge amounts, over time. For example, Rs 1,000 invested for a period of 10 years at 10 per cent can fetch you Rs 2.04 lakh.

    Right age to invest in equity: Equity is the best asset class when invested for long term. A good stocks portfolio can be built over several years for long term goals such as retirement. Equity is also best suited to beat and give you superior returns.

    Parents can play a major role by sharing their money experience with their young working children and assist them initially in starting investments and make them visualise their possible financial milestones. The initial push will help the young a long way in establishing a sound financial life.


    The writer is Chief Planner, Proficient Financial Planners.

  • First Published: Sun, December 16 2012. 00:06 IST
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