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Ivory Coast ex-first lady Simone Gbagbo freed after amnesty

AFP  |  Abidjan 

Former Simone Gbagbo, who had been serving a 20-year jail term, was released today, two days after being amnestied by Alassane Ouattara, her said.

Gbagbo left the gendarmerie academy in where she had been held for seven years, said

She arrived home in the upmarket district of Cocody, where hundreds of supporters greeted her.

Gbagbo, 69, the wife of former Laurent Gbagbo, has spent seven years behind bars for her role in political violence that claimed several thousand lives in 2010-11.

She had been implicated in the 2011 shelling of a market in an district that supported Ouattara and for belonging to a "crisis cell" that allegedly coordinated attacks by the armed forces and militias in support of her husband.

She was first detained without trial after her arrest in 2011 and later convicted and sentenced in 2015 on a charge of endangering state security.

has been in detention at the (ICC) at

for seven years.

He has been on trial since 2016 for alleged crimes against humanity.

On Monday -- the eve of the -- Ouattara announced an amnesty for Gbagbo and around 800 others in the name of national reconciliation.

About 3,000 people died in post-election violence in the country's commercial capital, Abidjan, when refused to accept defeat to Ouattara, his bitter rival, in a presidential ballot in November 2010.

Ouattara has been under pressure to foster reconciliation. The legacy of the 2010-11 conflict is still felt deeply today, especially in politics.

The Gbagbos retain a groundswell of support within the Ivorian Popular Front, the party they co-founded in the 1980s but which has since split into two factions.

Yesterday, 11 rights groups, including and Amnesty International, lashed the mass release.

"There should be no amnesty for those responsible for war crimes, crimes against humanity and other serious human rights violations," they said.

"To decide, after seven years of judicial proceedings involving hundreds of victims and alleged perpetrators, that only 60 people will face justice is not only an arbitrary decision but will be an act of disrespect to victims."

Among others granted amnesties were former -- a key Gbagbo ally -- who was sentenced this year to 15 years for conspiracy, and former Assoa Adou, jailed in 2017 for four years.

Around 500 of those named have already been released provisionally from detention, the said. They will have their criminal records erased.

In February 2012, the ICC also issued a warrant for Simone Gbagbo's arrest.

But in 2016, Ouattara said he would "no longer send" Ivorian nationals to the court, as the country now had a "functioning justice system." Ouattara on Monday also announced a reform of the Independent Electoral Commission, a panel which has been accused of bias and inequality.

(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

First Published: Wed, August 08 2018. 22:00 IST