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Rare Israeli-Palestinian compromise at UNESCO brings hope

AP  |  Paris 

Diplomats at are hailing a possible breakthrough on longstanding Israeli-Arab tensions at the UN cultural agency.

Israel's to said the mood was "like a wedding" after member nations signed off on a rare compromise resolution yesterday on "Occupied Palestine."

The document is still quite critical of Israel, notably its actions in and But Israeli told that diplomats agreed to move the most controversial language to a non-binding annex and avoided a contentious vote.

The compromise, worked out in months of painstaking negotiations, was largely technical. But it was an unusual example of Mideast cooperation at UNESCO, which has long seen as biased toward Arab nations especially since it admitted Palestine as a member in 2011.

Other diplomats said they hope the compromise encourages the U.S. and to reconsider their decision to quit at the end of this year.

"It means that the spirit of dialogue is not broken," UNESCO told Since taking over in November, Azoulay has been working to clean up the agency's reputation and shore up a budget gutted by geopolitical disputes.

The relief and optimism at after yesterday's meeting were a far cry from the hostility that has for decades soured its discussions on and the Palestinian territories, and hampered the agency's efforts to protect cultural heritage or promote peace through school projects in the region.

The enthusiasm over what on the surface seems like a minor move is a reflection of the very low expectations for Israeli-Palestinian cooperation in the current climate.

The UNESCO negotiations notably hit trouble as deadly confrontations erupted in in recent weeks, said diplomats involved, who were not authorized to be publicly named discussing the closed-door negotiations.

The Palestinian, Israeli, Jordanian, American, and delegations negotiated the compromise resolution, along with representatives of UNESCO leadership.

They notably decided to limit the "Occupied Palestine" resolution to three short paragraphs, and attach multiple pages of complaints about Israeli policies and Arab claims on in an annex, which is made public but not binding. And then they agreed to adopt it by consensus instead of a public vote. "I'm more than happy" with the outcome, the Israeli said.

"Confrontation is not the way. Nothing will be changed in or in by forcing Israel into a corner." Mounir Anastas, the Palestinians' to UNESCO, welcomed "so many efforts from all concerned parties and different delegations in order to enhance the dialogue and to reach a consensus."

But he urged progress on the ground, notably allowing UNESCO delegations to visit historic sites in Jerusalem, allowing Palestinian youth groups into Jerusalem for programs, and protection for media covering protests in Gaza.

The US delegation said it "warmly welcomes the progress demonstrated here" and praised the "constructive spirit," but wouldn't comment on whether it could lead to a rethink of the pending US withdrawal.

The US stopped paying its UNESCO dues after Palestine joined in 2011 but continues to participate in agency activities for now. announced in October that the US would pull out at the end of 2018 because of perceived anti-Israel bias.

Israel followed suit. Asked yesterday whether could now reconsider, Shama-Hacohen said "it's possible." "UNESCO should be a bridge, especially in periods like we have now," he said.

The resolution announced yesterday is expected to be approved at UNESCO's full plenary next week.

(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

First Published: Fri, April 13 2018. 20:35 IST