South Korea's President Moon Jae-in urged North Korea to take firmer disarmament measures and the US to reward them, suggesting Thursday he'll push for sanction exemptions to restart dormant economic cooperation projects with the North.
Some experts say the sanctions relief, if pursued before South Korea's ally Washington is ready, could weaken ties with the United States and complicate efforts to rid the North of its nuclear weapons.
But others say Moon simply made a symbolic, conciliatory gesture toward North Korea.
Kim also said he'll be compelled to take a different path if the United States keeps pressing for unilateral sanctions against the North as well as maintaining broader UN sanctions.
They were suspended in the past decade along with other similar projects amid the standoff over North Korea's nuclear program.
The two projects were considered key sources for badly needed foreign currency for the impoverished North.
"We welcome North Korea's intention to resume their operation without conditions or compensation," Moon said.
"My administration will cooperate with the international community, including the United States, to resolve the remaining issues such as international sanctions as soon as possible."
Moon said resolving the issue of the North Korea sanctions hinges on how fast
North Korea denuclearises and whether it receives reciprocal measures from the United States.
"North Korea knows it needs (to take) clear denuclearisation steps to see international sanctions lifted and the United States also realises that reciprocal measures are needed to match these North Korean denuclearization steps," Moon said.
Moon, a liberal who took office in 2017, has shuttled between North Korea and the United States to facilitate high-profile nuclear diplomacy including the Kim-Trump summit in Singapore last June.
Moon's overture, however, has invited criticism from conservatives in South Korea and the United States that he's making too many concessions and helping the North weaken US-led sanctions.
Trump has maintained sanctions on North Korea until it completely abandons its nuclear program.
Chinese and North Korean state media reported earlier Thursday that Kim told Xi that he's committed to setting up a second summit with Trump to "achieve results" on the nuclear standoff on the Korean Peninsula.
He said that the second summit, and a return visit to Seoul by Kim, "will be other turning points that will firmly solidify peace on the Korean Peninsula."
"We will not loosen our guard until the promise to denuclearise the peninsula is kept and peace is fully institutionalised," Moon said.
(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)