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Govt should provide data on budget schools: Centre for Civil Society chief

Parth Shah says that to date, education has attracted 3% of equity investments in this country

Anjuli Bhargava 

Parth Shah
Centre for Civil Society President Parth Shah

Budget private schools, which charge monthly fees of Rs 500-800 from students, comprise the largest segment of the system in the country. There is no estimate on the total number of such schools; there are also questions on the quality of they impart. Yet, parents from across income segments spend quite a bit of their annual income on these The (CCS) works to improve the quality of at these Its president Parth Shah spoke to Anjuli Bhargava on some of the issues plaguing the sector and what needs to be done. Edited excerpts: There are many parents who do not opt for free and spend a huge proportion of their income on their children’s But in many cases, they do not get their money’s worth. What can be done about this? A huge problem of this sector is that very little is known about it. Since many policy makers and their associates send their children to private schools, there is little debate or proposed reforms for these. Many are not even aware of budget private We have been arguing that instead of controlling things, as the tends to do, it should provide information to parents. As of now, no data is available. Accessing information needs resources, awareness and time. Parents take decisions on admitting their wards into these entirely through “word of mouth” information. At times, they do not even know how of a particular school are faring in board exams. They look at how other children they know — in their neighbourhood or family — are faring in a particular school, and try it out. If they feel they are not getting value for money, they might withdraw their wards. This, in some cases, acts as a regulator for the Studies tell us that an increasing number of parents are spending a large proportion of their yearly income on private school Have you seen this? The kind of importance that parents are according to their children’s is unparalleled in history. We recently came across a school in Rajasthan that charges Rs 200 a month as fees for A number of parents are daily wage earners, and pay fees on a weekly basis.

A labourer who struggles to put meals on the table spends a substantial portion of his income on what he perceives to be a good school. That is something we may not have seen even two decades ago. What kind of control are you talking about? To open a school, a minimum of 15 permissions are required. Usually, it is 20-25, from various authorities. In most states, you need to meet a lot of requirements to start a school. For instance, the plot size: There are regulations on the size of the school building, the playground etc. It might be possible to adhere to these regulations in places where land prices are not very high. In congested urban colonies, it is impossible for new entrants to meet the criteria. Land cost itself is prohibitive. As a result, we also see a lot of political funds or large real estate owners coming into the sector. In some senses, this creates a natural entry barrier and allows many to continue to operate as virtual monopolies. Typically, at some stage, these stop worrying about the quality of what they offer, as they are aware that competition is unlikely. The CBSE and other boards have their own sets of requirements for affiliation. In certain cases, they even specify sizes of classrooms and so on. What about finance for starting Is it possible for new entrants to obtain debt or equity to start a school? commands a significant proportion of household expenditure across all income segments. In 2014, it was Rs 9,675 per month, according to the 71st round of the NSS. Yet, the sector has not seen much traction from venture capitalists and impact To date, has attracted 3 per cent of equity investments in this country. Securing loans to start a school is very difficult. If I want to start a food-delivery app, my ability to raise external funds is much higher. It is quite absurd. This is because of the not-for-profit tag that carries. are hesitant to lend to a trust or a society. It is almost impossible for a small operator to get a loan — except from a moneylender at exorbitant rates. In general, for this space, either you use your personal savings or fee income, so you are limited by your own capacity. Even if the intentions are right and you are committed to building a good, stable institution, you can only offer what your resources permit, which will always be limited.

First Published: Sat, February 10 2018. 23:04 IST