Nepalis began voting for a new parliament on Sunday with the army on alert as a series of small blasts blamed on a rogue Maoist group reminded the Himalayan nation of the violence and instability it is hoping to leave behind.
More than decade after the end of a civil war between Maoist peasant guerrillas, Nepal
is hoping this election - the first parliamentary polls since 1999 - will complete its long journey from a monarchy to becoming a federal republic.
A second phase of the election will take place on Dec. 7, and the election commission has said that the final results probably won't be known for several days because of the cumbersome counting procedures.
A Maoist splinter group was behind a series of small blasts in the run up to the polls, and security forces have defused around 30 improvised explosive devices since Friday, army spokesman Nain Raj Dahal said.
Suresh Balsami was the first voter at Kagatigaun polling centre near the capital Kathmandu.
"I voted for peace, development and prosperity of the country,” said the 32-year-old bus driver as other voters began to trickle in.
voted in 2008 and 2013 for a Constituent Assembly, which doubled as parliament, to write a post-monarchy charter that plotted the course to becoming a federal republic.
More than 15 million eligible voters will pick a 275-member legislature, the first under a new constitution agreed after years of wrangling.
Simultaneously, voters will choose representatives to seven provincial assemblies for the first time since Nepal
abolished the monarchy in 2008.
The centrist Nepali Congress party, considered a pro-India group, has formed a loose electoral alliance with the Madhesi parties from the country's southern plains bordering India and former royalists.
Facing the alliance is a tight-knit left coalition between the former Maoist rebels and the main opposition Communist UML party, perceived to be closer to China.
Wedged between India and China, Nepal
needs to balance ties, but the outcome of the election could determine which of the Asian giants gets the upper hand in the battle for influence in the buffer state.
Both are looking to benefit from Nepal's potential as a source of hydropower.
Home to Mount Everest, and one of the poorest countries in the world, Nepal
depends of tourism and aid. More than one-fifth of its 28 million people survive on less than $1.90 a day, and parts of the country are still recovering from a devastating earthquake that killed 9,000 people in 2015.
TIMELINE: From monarchy to democracy
Here is a chronology of events in the Himalayan country since then:
May 28, 2008: Special Constituent Assembly elected in April votes to abolish the 239-year-old monarchy and turns Nepal
into a republic.
July 23, 2008: The assembly elects Ram Baran Yadav as Nepal's first president.
Aug 15, 2008: Former rebel commander Pushpa Kamal Dahal, also known as Prachanda, is elected as prime minister. He had led a decade-long Maoist civil war that ended two years earlier.
May 4, 2009: Prachanda steps down following a row with the president over the sacking of the army chief, leading to political instability in the country.
May 28, 2010: The Constituent Assembly extends its term after failing to deliver a new charter within the stipulated period of two years.
May 28, 2012: The assembly is dissolved without adopting any constitution amid wrangling among political parties.
Nov 19, 2013: A second Constituent Assembly is elected to continue the unfinished task of drafting the charter.
Apr 25, 2015: Worst earthquake on record jolts Nepal, killing 9,000 people and bringing political parties together to adopt the charter and focus on reconstruction.
Sept 20, 2015: The Constituent Assembly approves the new charter, turning Nepal
into a secular federal democratic republic. Ethnic Madhesis living in the southern plains reject the new charter, calling it discriminatory.
2015-2016: More than 50 people killed during protests by the Madhesis demanding a unified homeland in their region. Activists block trade points with India leading to crippling fuel and medicine shortages.
May-Sept 2017: First elections to local bodies in 20 years held. Lawmakers reject a government proposal to amend the constitution to meet some of the demands of the Madhesi minority.