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CAD narrows to 0.9% of GDP in July-Sept on lower trade deficit: RBI

In the first quarter, the deficit stood at 2 per cent of GDP or $14.2 billion

Press Trust of India  |  Mumbai 

trade deficit
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India's (CAD) narrowed to 0.9 per cent of GDP, or $6.3 billion, in the September 2019 quarter, on account of lower trade deficit.

It had stood at 2.9 per cent of gross domestic product (GDP), or $19 billion, in the corresponding quarter of 2018-19.

On a sequential basis, CAD had printed 2 per cent of GDP, or $14.2 billion, in the June 2019 quarter.

The is the difference between foreign exchange inflows and outflows.

"The contraction in the CAD was primarily on account of a lower trade deficit at $38.1 billion as compared with $50 billion a year ago," the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) said in a release on Tuesday.

During the first half of the current financial year, CAD narrowed to 1.5 per cent of GDP from 2.6 per cent in the corresponding period in 2018-19, on the back of a reduction in the trade deficit, which shrank to $84.3 billion as compared with $95.8 billion a year ago.

The trade deficit is the gap between the value of imports and exports.

The balance of payment stood at $5.12 billion in the second quarter and $19.10 billion during the first half of this fiscal.

Net foreign direct investment stood at $7.4 billion, almost the same level as in second quarter of 2018-19.

Helped by net purchases in the debt market, foreign portfolio investment recorded a net inflow of $2.5 billion in the September 2019 quarter, against an outflow of $1.6 billion a year ago.

In the April-September 2019 period, while the net FDI inflows were at $21.2 billion, portfolio investment recorded a net inflow of $7.3 billion.

Net services receipts increased 0.9 per cent on in July-September on a y-o-y basis, on the back of a rise in net earnings from computer, travel and financial services, the RBI said.

In the second quarter of 2019-20, private transfer receipts, mainly representing remittances by Indians employed overseas, rose to $21.9 billion, an increase of 5.2 per cent as against a year ago.

The net inflow on account of external commercial borrowings to the country was $3.2 billion in the second quarter as compared with $2 billion in corresponding period of the previous financial year.

There was a growth of $5.1 billion in the foreign exchange reserves in the September 2019 quarter, compared with a depletion of $1.9 billion a year ago.

During the first half of 2019-20, there was an accretion of $19.1 billion of the foreign exchange reserves, the RBI said.

First Published: Tue, December 31 2019. 17:54 IST
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