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Trump's tariffs on $200-bn Chinese goods take effect; China to strike back

The hike comes in the midst of two days of talks between top US and Chinese negotiators to try to rescue a faltering deal aimed at ending a 10-month trade war

Reuters  |  Washington/Beijing 

Donald Trump
US President Donald Trump

US Donald Trump's increase to 25 percent on $200 billion worth of Chinese goods took effect on Friday, and Beijing said it would strike back, ratcheting up tensions as the two sides pursue last-ditch talks to try salvaging a trade deal.

China's said it "deeply regrets" the US decision, adding that it would take necessary countermeasures, without elaborating.

The hike comes in the midst of two days of talks between top US and Chinese negotiators to try to rescue a faltering deal aimed at ending a 10-month trade war between the world's two largest economies.

Chinese Liu He, US Trade and US Treasury talked for 90 minutes on Thursday and were expected to resume talks on Friday.

The said that negotiations were continuing, and that it "hopes the can meet halfway, make joint efforts, and resolve the issue through cooperation and consultation".

With no action from the to reverse the increase as negotiations moved into a second day, US Customs and Border Protection imposed the new 25 percent duty on affected US-bound cargoes leaving after 12:01 a.m. EDT (0401 GMT) on Friday.

Goods in the more than 5,700 affected product categories that left Chinese ports and airports before midnight will be subject to the original 10 percent duty rate, a said.

The grace period was not applied to three previous rounds of tariffs imposed last year on Chinese goods, which had much longer notice periods of at least three weeks before the duties took effect.

"This creates an unofficial window, potentially lasting a couple of weeks, in which negotiations can continue and generates a 'soft' deadline to reach a deal," wrote in a note.

"Given this detail, downside to sentiment might be slightly more muted than if the increase came with a 'hard' deadline. This also leaves an opportunity for the two sides to reach an agreement in the next couple of weeks, though challenges remain."

Trump gave US importers less than five days notice about his decision to increase the rate on the $200 billion category of goods to 25 percent, which now matches the rate on a prior $50 billion category of Chinese and

The biggest Chinese import sector affected by the rate hike is a $20 billion-plus category of internet modems, routers and other data transmission devices, followed by about $12 billion worth of printed circuit boards used in a vast array of US-made products.

Furniture, lighting products, auto parts, vacuum cleaners and are also high on the list of products subject to the higher duties.

US stock futures fell and Asian shares pared gains after the US hike. E-mini futures for US S&P500 slipped, last down 0.5% in volatile trade. MSCI's broadest index of shares outside was more than 1% lower. Chinese markets were on midday break when the higher tariffs took effect.

Gary Shapiro, of the said the tariffs would be paid by American consumers and businesses, not China, as Trump has claimed.

"Our industry supports more than 18 million US jobs - but raising tariffs will be disastrous," Shapiro said in a statement.

"The tariffs already in place have cost the American about $1 billion more a month since October. That can be life or death for small businesses and startups that can't absorb the added costs."

Economists and industry consultants have said it may take three or four months for American shoppers to feel the pinch from the tariff hike but retailers will have little choice but to raise prices on a wide range of goods to cover the rising cost of imports before too long, according to economists and industry consultants.

Even without the trade war, China-US relations have continued to deteriorate, with an uptick in tensions between the two countries over the Sea, Taiwan, human rights and China's plan to re-create the old Silk Road, called the Belt and Road Initiative.

First Published: Fri, May 10 2019. 11:13 IST
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