Markets ended lower on Friday after the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) sprung a surprise and kept the repo rate unchanged at 6.50 per cent. Most experts had expected the central bank to hike rates by 25 bps.
The S&P BSE Sensex lost 792 points, or 2.25 per cent, to settle at 34,377 while the broader NSE's Nifty50 index dropped 283 points, or 2.7 per cent, to close at 10,316. Among specific stocks, shares of oil marketing companies such as HPCL, BPCL and IOCL hit 52-week lows after the government announced that it will cut excise duties on petrol and diesel prices and OMCs will absorb Re 1 per litre.
Heavy losses were also visible in banking stocks with the Nifty Bank index slipping 1.5 per cent. YES Bank, State Bank of India (SBI), Bank of Baroda (BoB), IDFC Bank and ICICI Bank lost up to 5.1 per cent.
Earlier, the monetary policy committee (MPC) of the Reserve Bank on Friday kept the repo rate unchanged at 6.50 per cent in its fourth bi-monthly monetary policy review of 2018-19. The central bank changed the policy stance to 'Calibrated tightening' from 'Neutral'. Calibrated tightening means rate will be maintained or hiked in this cycle.
Rate sensitive stocks took deep cuts despite RBI's status quo. The Nifty PSU Bank index dropped 4.4 per cent to settle at 2,656 levels, while Nifty Auto index tumbled nearly 3.2 per cent. Nifty Realty, too, slipped 3 per cent. Volatility benchmark, India VIX, advanced 7 per cent.
Rupee hits 74.22/$
The Indian rupee Friday crashed below the 74-level against the US dollar for the first time ever after the Reserve Bank kept its key policy rate unchanged. The domestic currency was quoted 55 paise lower at 74.13 against the dollar soon after the RBI announced its monetary policy.