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'Lifestyle-related cancers have increased over past decade'

ANI  |  Washington D.C. [USA] 

An increase in - such as lung, colorectal, and - over the past decade spotlights the need for prevention, suggests a study.

"While the increase in lung, colorectal, and over the past decade is concerning, the prevention potential is substantial," said Dr.

"Vital prevention efforts such as tobacco control, dietary interventions, and broader promotion campaigns need to be scaled up in response to this rise in lifestyle-related cancers," she added.

The study covers 1990 to 2016; it is part of the Global Burden of (GBD) study, a comprehensive effort to quantify internationally. Researchers at the Metrics and Evaluation reviewed 29 groups, including lung, breast, prostate, skin, colorectal, pancreatic, stomach, and liver cancers, as well as and other groups (full list below).

The study provides findings by age and sex for 195 countries and territories.

While saw a universal increase from 2006 to 2016, from - including cervical and - decreased over the same time period.

Study estimates were analysed using a Socio-demographic Index (SDI) based on rates of education, fertility, and income. SDI is more comprehensive than the historical "developed" versus "developing" nations framework.

Countries with high SDI have high levels of income and education and low fertility, whereas low-SDI countries have low levels of income and education and high fertility.

Large disparities in incidence and death persist between high- and low-SDI countries. Researchers found rates of cancer incidence and death remained higher in high-SDI countries in 2016. For example, the odds of developing over the course of one's lifetime were the highest - at 1 in 10 women - in high-SDI countries, but only 1 in 50 for women in low-SDI countries.

Conversely, the largest and fastest increase in new cancer cases between 2006 and 2016 occurred in middle-SDI countries. And women in low-SDI countries are nearly four times more likely to develop than women in high-SDI countries, and in 2016, was the most common cause of cancer incidence and death in low-SDI countries.

"Ensuring universal access to health care is a vital prerequisite for early detection and cancer treatment," said Fitzmaurice. "And improving access to advanced not commonly available in low-SDI countries is a critical step toward achieving health equity globally."

The study has been published in the journal JAMA Oncology.

(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

First Published: Mon, June 04 2018. 12:40 IST
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