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Russian, Indian scientists worried about sharp rise in autism

ANI  |  Moscow [Russia] 

Today, the most objective estimate is that autistic people's account for one per cent of the world's population. If this assessment is correct, there are about 1.5 million cases in and up to 13 million in Experiments with animals have shown that it is possible to repair damaged genes that are associated with spectrum disorders (ASD).

"This amazing information defies studies of the human body," said Tatyana Stroganova, a at of Psychology and Education. Unfortunately, it is so far impossible to cure The international community has approved just one medication for mitigating its symptoms.

The term 'autism' was coined in 1938, with offering the first scientific description of the disorder's symptoms in 1947. For 60 years, the condition was considered rare and even exceptional, but the situation changed in 2005 when experts estimated that there was one case of autism per 250-300 newborns.

Specialists all over the world explain autism and ASD by disrupted At the same time, research of the past few years shows that the symptoms of ASD are similar to those of numerous disorders.

Another video conference participant, Nidhi Singhal, a researcher, noted that she and her colleagues had been working with patients aged between seven months and 50 years for the past 25 years. "They provide clinical services, conduct research, train personnel and cooperate with the authorities in order to legally formalize the status of people with ASD," she said.

Specialists advocate additional opportunities for people with autism, protect their rights, help them find jobs and work with their families and friends. They promote the creation of similar organisations in and Southeast Asian countries.

Arthur Khaustov, a researcher, noted that his centre was the

The centre aims to help expand systems for assisting autistic children in the regions. The centre actively cooperates with 47 out of the 85 Russian regions and annually trains an estimated 4,200 specialists. "We offer open and closed education formats, including conferences, seminars and webinars," he said and noted the growing demand for that make it possible to draft programs for children with special needs.

The elaboration of standard criteria for gauging the efficiency of support measures is a challenging issue facing the international academic community, he noted.

Any contacts and mutual education are useful. "This will allow families in to obtain assistance not only from the but from network organisations being established in that country," Khaustov explained.

Preschoolers study for 12-24 months, said Maria Bereslavskaya, a Each group has a speech therapist, and a special education expert.

The centre trains specialists and parents of children with ASD (who have a higher education) under a two-year modular program called Psychological-Pedagogical Support for People with ASD, said Lyudmila Tishina, of the at the of Psychology and Education.

Each autistic person is unique; therefore, specialists earning MA degrees must have a diverse education. They develop diagnostic methods and methodological recommendations in the field of alternative communications and behavioural problems (including and destructive behaviour) for various specialists.

Special children must be heard, and this will make it possible to effectively help them; in turn, society will become more tolerant and better informed, to say the least, experts say. It is necessary to publish books by autistic people and to release films starring persons with disabilities who can be interpreted as having autism. It is also necessary to discuss the lives of people speaking another language and boasting alternative ways of thinking and parallel sensory perception.

People in know the story of Indian writer and Tito Rajarshi Mukhopadhyay, who published his book 'Beyond the Silence: My Life, the World and Autism' in 2000. Video conference participants noted that articles and television shows involving this person have expanded the perception of an autistic person's inner world.

The successful socialisation of autistic superstars and people from their inner circle helps to more actively assist people with ASD and raise public awareness of this acute issue.

(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

First Published: Fri, December 07 2018. 17:55 IST