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First time in Baghdad: Iran's president to visit Iraq

AP  |  Tehran 

Iran's is making his first official visit to this week as he faces mounting pressure from hard-liners at home in the wake of the Trump administration's unraveling of the nuclear deal.

Hassan Rouhani's trip billed as "historic and noble" by his is meant to solidify ties between Shiite power and Iraq's Shiite led-government, a strong ally.

It is also Iran's response to Donald Trump's snap December trip to and the American president's comments that U.S. forces should stay in to keep an eye on neighbouring Iran, with which Iraq shares a 1,400-kilometer-long (870 miles) border.

At the time, Trump slipped into Iraq at night, without stopping in Baghdad, to greet U.S. service members at a base far from the Iraqi capital where he extolled the American troops' fight against the Islamic State group.

later mocked Trump's visit, asserting that flying into Iraq under the cover of darkness meant "defeat" for the U.S. in Iraq and asking the U.S. why he didn't make an "open and official visit."

"You have to walk in the streets of ... to find out how people will welcome you," said at the time.

Rouhani's visit to Iraq will provide an opportunity for reaching "serious understandings" between the two neighbors, Iran's top diplomat, told the official agency from Baghdad, where he was preparing for Rouhani's three-day visit that starts on Monday.

Rouhani, who had visited Iraq privately before becoming president, had planned an official visit in 2016 but that one was cancelled over unspecified "executive" problems.

This time, Rouhani, who is on a second four-year-term, is particularly vulnerable because of the economic crisis assailing the Iranian rial, which has hurt ordinary Iranians and emboldened critics to openly call for the president's ouster.

sees the US military presence at its doorstep in Iraq as a threat one that could also undermine Iran's influence over

Zarif alluded to that on Sunday, saying that any country which tries to interfere with the good Iran-Iraq relations would "be deprived of opportunities for itself."

also sees Iraq as a possible route to bypass US sanctions that Trump re-imposed last year after pulling the U.S. out of the 2015 nuclear deal between and world powers.

Last year, Iran's exports to Iraq amounted to nearly $9 billion. Tehran hopes to increase the roughly $13 billion volume in trade between the two neighboring countries to $20 billion. Also, some 5 million religious tourists bring in nearly $5 billion a year as Iraqis and Iranians visit Shiite holy sites in the two countries.

Under former dictator Saddam Hussein, Iraq waged an eight-year war in the 1980s against Iran, a conflict that left nearly 1 million killed on both sides.

(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

First Published: Sun, March 10 2019. 20:15 IST