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India emerging new target for patent filing in AI: WIPO

Press Trust of India  |  United Nations 

is emerging as a new target for patent filings in the field of and is among the top countries for publications in specific categories such as and natural language processing, according to a UN report.

According to the (WIPO) Technology Trends report, 50 per cent of all patents for AI the replication of human by machines for use in industries such as and healthcare, for instance have been published since 2013, adding up to more than 170,000 different patented ideas.

Australia, Canada, Germany, and the UK hold prominent positions in publications in specific categories such as computer vision, natural language processing, speech processing, distributed AI and predictive analytics.

The report said that while major patent offices receiving patent filings in the AI field are France, Germany, the Republic of Korea and the UK, is emerging as a new target for patent filing. The greatest number of patent applications are filed in the patent offices of U.S. and China, followed by Japan, South Korea, Germany, and India.

The report noted that India was ranked eighth for first filings in 2015 and has enjoyed a high rate of annual growth during recent years (with an average of 33 per cent in the three years up to 2015).

India ranks fourth in scientific publications (ahead of Japan), Italy, which ranks ninth, and Spain, which is 10th. India ranks third in and fourth in machine learning, whereas it is eighth or lower in patenting activity.

"This suggests that India has strengths in AI research that might become even more evident within the next few years in terms of patenting activity," it said.

The "upsurge" in patent applications for devices and machines powered by (AI) in the last five years, suggests that it could soon revolutionize all areas of daily life far beyond the tech world, the UN report said on Thursday.

WIPO told journalists in the surge in patenting was striking, noting that AI research began in the 1950s.

"But there has been a quantum leap since about 2013, so we're dealing with what is happening right now in a very fast-moving field," he said.

By number, patent applications for machine learning, indicate that this is currently the dominant application of AI; think of apps that include to minimize detours.

The fastest-growing AI area is deep learning, however, which is used in This saw a 175-per cent annual increase in patent applications from 2013 to 2016, far in excess of the 33 per cent average for all patents in the same period.

The and dominate the field of patent application, although only a fraction of China's patents is filed abroad. US-based leads by number of patent applications (8,290), followed by (5,930).

Japan's has the next highest patent tally (5,223), ahead of South Korea's (5,102) and Japan's (4,406).

China's increasingly important role in the sector is also illustrated by the fact that Chinese organizations make up 17 of the top 20 academic players in AI patenting, as well as 10 of the top 20 in AI-related scientific publications.

In coming years, AI is set to grow with major military and economic uses, Gurry said, before highlighting the importance of proposed WIPO-led discussions between Member States, on legal and ethical issues relating to intellectual property rights that have been raised by the technology.

"One would expect that the strategic focus of major geopolitical players will turn to their positioning in relation to AI," he said.

have also been key to the AI revolution, the WIPO report shows, with (US) and (China) embracing the potential of the technology early on, just as and did before them.

In addition to the US and China's large populations, the WIPO noted the importance of State-led support for innovation in both places, which included investing in and even training specialized patent officers.

(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

First Published: Fri, February 01 2019. 13:20 IST