The measures include the mandatory introduction of air purifiers in schools and day care centres, and access to an emergency fund to help tackle the issue.
The country's poor air quality has become a serious political problem for Seoul amid growing public discontent that the government is not doing enough, with many South Koreans blaming Asian neighbour China for the poor air quality.
The eight new bills designate air pollution as a "social disaster", meaning the government can use state funds and conduct extraordinary countermeasures to tackle it.
They also encourage the purchase of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) cars, which emit less air pollutants than diesel and gasoline-powered vehicles and were previously only available for taxis, rental cars and disabled drivers.
Air quality in South Korea, the world's 11th largest economy, is generally better.
But the concentration of fine dust particles has surged in recent weeks and reached a record high in Seoul on March 5, prompting the government to advise people to wear masks, use public transportation and avoid walking outside.
Seoul has already passed some measures in a bid to improve its air quality, including shutting down five ageing coal-fired power plants last year.
(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)