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Thousands head home in south Syria after ceasefire deal

AFP  |  Daraa (Syria) 

Thousands of displaced Syrians were heading home today after rebels and the government reached a deal in the south following more than two weeks of deadly bombardment.

Under the agreement announced Friday after talks between rebels and regime ally Moscow, opposition fighters will hand over territory in the southern province of Daraa near the Jordanian border.

Daraa is seen as the cradle of the uprising that sparked Syria's seven-year war, and the government retaking full control of it would be a symbolic victory for

A Russia-backed regime offensive in Daraa has displaced more than 320,000 people since June 19, the says, including tens of thousands who fled south to the sealed border with

Calm reigned over the region today as the two sides finalised the deal, according to the for Human Rights, a Britain-based monitoring group.

"People have started to return to their homes since yesterday" from the Jordanian border, said.

"More than 20,000 people have set off for home so far, heading to areas for which an accord has been reached in the southeastern Daraa countryside," he said.

But others "are scared to return to regime-controlled areas, fearing their children will be arrested," said.

More than 150 civilians have been killed in the regime bombing campaign on Daraa since June 19, the Observatory says, and trust in the government does not run high.

Osama al-Homsi, 26, said he was hesitant to return to his hometown of Jeeza in southeastern Daraa after the deal.

"Of course I support the agreement to stop the fighting and bloodshed," said the young man, who sought shelter from the bombardment in a field to the south of Daraa city.

"But what is frightening is that it comes with no UN guarantees... The Russian and the Syrian regime offer no safety," he said.

Only when it is clear the has really been implemented and "if we are guaranteed that no one will pursue us, will we want to return," Homsi said.

Yesterday's accord follows a string of similar deals with rebels for other areas of Syria, which have seen the regime retake more than 60 per cent of the country, according to the Observatory.

It caps a series of government victories nationwide since intervened in 2015 on Assad's side, including for the former rebel outside earlier this year.

Under the accord, rebels are expected to hand over their heavy weapons, while those who reject the agreement will be bused with their families to opposition-held areas in the north of the country, has said.

An Islamic State jihadist group affiliate, which holds a small pocket in the southwest of Daraa, is excluded from the deal.

Government forces will also take over "all observation posts along the Syrian-Jordanian border", said on Friday, hours after the regime regained control of the vital Nassib border crossing with

Today, an saw forces and Russian police deployed at the crossing after more than three years under opposition control.

One of the arches of the key frontier post was damaged, sprouting from the concrete structure.

The agreement is expected to be implemented in three stages, rebel said, first for eastern Daraa, the provincial capital and then the west of the province.

"Assad got what he wanted from the deal," said.

He obtained "control over the Syrian-Jordanian border areas in Daraa, the gradual disarmament of the rebels' heavier weapons, and the opportunity to rebuild his government's influence in southern Syria," the at the Washington-based said.

Daraa lies in a wider southern region that Assad aims to retake, including the neighbouring province of to the west, which borders the Israeli-occupied

But "taking will be complicated", said Sam Heller, an at (ICG).

"The government will have to figure out how to advance without agitating the Israelis and triggering destructive Israeli action," he added.

The ICG said in a recent report that had supported fighters in since 2013 or 2014, apparently to "secure a buffer zone on its border".

More than 350,000 people have been killed and millions displaced since Syria's war started in 2011 with a brutal crackdown on anti-government protests.

(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

First Published: Sat, July 07 2018. 18:45 IST