Another government shutdown could inflict greater harm on the US economy, especially if it were to happen only three weeks after the end of the longest ever such closure, Moody's Investors Service said on Tuesday.
The recent shutdown began in late December after US President Donald Trump refused to sign a bill to fund the government as he demanded $5.7 billion for building a wall along the border between the United States and Mexico.
Last Friday, Trump agreed to fund the government through February 15 in a bid to reach an agreement on border security. He said he would be willing to shut down the government again if US lawmakers do not deliver a deal he finds acceptable.
The 35-day partial government shutdown affected some 800,000 federal employees who were furloughed or worked without pay. After the government reopened, these workers are expected to receive missed salaries, but federal contractors will not be compensated.
The shutdown's effects "have been concentrated with limited ramifications for the broader economy," Moody's said in a statement.
Still, the shutdown was a "credit negative" on Moody's top-notch Aaa credit rating on the United States. This caused the rating agency to assess Washington's budget process as "less robust" than other Aaa-rated countries.
If the government were to shut down again in less than three weeks, it would "complicate negotiations over the debt ceiling," kindling worries about the Treasury delaying its debt payments, according to Moody's.
On Monday, Fitch Ratings said another shutdown could raise the risks to US economic growth and corporate earnings in the first quarter.