In a statement late on Friday, Annan raised concerns over the actions of President Abdulla Yameen's regime regarding independent institutions, which he claimed were in violation of the spirit of democracy.
Annan also expressed alarm over the government's refusal to comply with the Supreme Court's shock ruling on February 1, in which the five justices had unanimously ordered the release of nine prominent political leaders including former exiled President Mohamed Nasheed, en.mihaaru.com reported.
He further said that the presidential elections slated for this year "must be held with the participation of independent institutions".
"The world must not remain complacent in this issue," the former UN chief said.
India along with Sri Lanka, the US, the UK and Germany and organisations including the Amnesty International and the UN Human Rights Council voiced concerns over the Yameen government's refusal to execute the apex court's order.
Amidst pressure to comply with the ruling unconditionally, Yameen had declared a state of Emergency on February 5 and subsequently arrested Chief Justice Abdulla Saeed, Judge Ali Hameed, Judicial Administrator Hassan Saeed and former President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom over bribery accusations.
Following the arrests of Saeed and Hameed, the remaining three judges of the Supreme Court had revised its ruling to revoke the order to free the political prisoners.
The new developments saw an increased barrage of criticism and pressure on the Maldivian government.
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