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Teachers' Day is marked in India on September 5, the birth anniversary of Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan. The day is dedicated to teachers and students across the country use the occassion to express their love and gratitude towards the individuals who guide them to a better and learned life.
The tradition started in 1962 in the honour of Dr Radhakrishnan, the first vice-president of India and the second president of India.
Every year, government of India felicitates teachers for exemplary contribution in the field of education. The award was instituted in 1958.
About S Radhakrishnan
Dr Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan was born in a Telugu-speaking family in Tiruttani, in the erstwhile Madras, on September 5, 1888. He was a philosopher, scholar, an exemplary teacher, and politician who dedicated his life towards education. 
Radhakrishnan was also a brilliant student. He studied philosophy at Christian College, Madras. He graduated with a Voorha master's degree in Philosophy from the college in 1906, and was one of its most distinguished alumni.
He was awarded the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian honour in the country in 1954. 
According to some accounts, after Dr Radhakrishnan became President of India, some old students and friends approached him seeking permission to celebrate his birthday. He is said to have politely declined their request saying, "It would be my proud privilege if September 5th is observed as Teachers' Day".
It was after this incident that September 5 was designated as Teacher's Day.