A slowdown in the delivery of new aircraft has forced India’s biggest airline, IndiGo, to consider the wet-lease option to raise its passenger capacity for the upcoming winter schedule.
The airline is in talks with Lithuanian airline SmallPlanet
and troubled European airlines Air Berlin
to wet lease
at least seven A320 planes, sources close to the development said. While IndiGo
has been dry leasing older planes since 2015, this will be the first time the airline will resort to wet lease.
Wet lease, an arrangement under which the lessor airline provides aircraft along with crew, maintenance, etc to the lessee, is costlier than dry lease
and may lead to a spike in operational cost for IndiGo.
But if the airline does not deploy enough capacity, it fears losing market share, besides lucrative slots at airports.
The arrangement will be only for the winter season, which will end in March 2018.
“If you see the capacity guidance given to the airline, it is 20 per cent increase in available seat kilometres (ASK) in FY18. In the current scenario, it’s not possible to maintain that without leasing planes. The airline will go for a short-term wet lease, expecting huge demand in the winter season,” said a source.
“Under wet lease, the induction of planes becomes faster. IndiGo
will only pay a fixed amount every month and the lessor will take care of operation and maintenance,” the source added. IndiGo did not respond to queries.
Experts, however, said the move would push up the airline’s operational cost. “Lease cost ranges between 0.8 per cent and 1.2 per cent of the aircraft’s cost, depending on factors like its age. Wet lease
should be in the high range and dry lease
in the lower range. IndiGo may go for older planes to bring down the cost,” a sector analyst said.
A technical glitch in Pratt & Whitney engines has disrupted the production line of A320 neo aircraft, impacting fleet induction plans of IndiGo.
On average, IndiGo had been inducting two to three planes each month until recently, but in July it added only one A320 aircraft. Also, the carrier has been forced to ground eight Airbus A320 neo planes due to issues related to their engines.
Capacity addition by other airlines, too, is said to be limited. While the delivery of new planes has slowed down, the glitch has resulted in faster wearing out of the engines, requiring them to be replaced earlier than the normal cycle.
Due to the high replacement rate, Pratt & Whitney is struggling to provide sufficient spare engines to customer airlines, leading to grounding of planes.
IndiGo is Airbus’s biggest customer globally for this aircraft with 430 A320 neo family planes on order, out of which it has received 23. Out of 430 planes, IndiGo has an agreement with Pratt & Whitney for the first 150 aircraft.