You are here: Home » Current Affairs » News » National
Business Standard

A checkered history: Timeline of PM Modi's Pakistan policy

A look at the Indo-Pak dialogue process since the Modi-led government took charge in 2014


BS Web Team 

Prime Minister Narendra Modi is greeted by his Pakistani counterpart Nawaz Sharif on his arrival in Lahore
Prime Minister Narendra Modi is greeted by his Pakistani counterpart Nawaz Sharif on his arrival in Lahore

Pakistan envoy to India Abdul Basit on Thursday said Pakistan was suspending the peace dialogue between the two nations. While Indian government officials rushed to do damage control, his comment on no reciprocation for allowing the Joint Investigation Team (JIT) has stirred a controversy over Prime Minister Narendra Modi's Pakistan policy.

India reiterated that the JIT had been formed on the basis of reciprocity.

However, this is not the first time there has been a so-called ‘flip-flop’ in the peace process; as a result, bilateral relations have once again hit a rough patch.

Here’s a timeline of the Indo-Pak dialogue process since the Modi-led government took charge after winning the 2014 elections in a landslide:

May 26, 2014: Narendra Modi first signaled a new approach to Pakistan when he invited his Pak counterpart Nawaz Sharif – and other SAARC leaders – to the swearing in of the new government in May 2014, an unprecedented move for any Indian Prime Minister.

July 2014: Barely two months after this move, Pakistan responded with at least 19 ceasefire violations in the Jammu and Kashmir sector.

November 27, 2014: The two Asian-leaders met in Kathmandu at the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) summit and shook hands, but did not hold any bilateral talks.

November 28, 2014: Ahead of Modi’s election rally in Udhampur and Poonch, militants infiltrated into Arnia district of Jammu and disrupted his rally. The aftermath of the scuffle resulted in the killing of 4 fidayeens by Indian security forces. The encounter also claimed the lives of 3 soldiers and 3 civilians.

December 5, 2014: Three-days ahead of Modi's visit to Srinagar and Anantnag, 11 jawans were killed in series of grenade attacks by terrorists.

July 10, 2015: On the sidelines of the SCO Summit in Ufa, the leaders reinstated their commitment to restart the dialogue process, which took had ground to a halt after the Mumbai attacks OF 26 November, 2008.

July 17, 2015: A few days before a scheduled meeting in New Delhi between India's Security Adviser Ajit Doval and his Pakistani countepart Sartaj Aziz, Three Pakistani terrorists attacked a bus and police station in Gurdaspur, Punjab killing seven Indian nationals. This led to the calling off of the talks.

August 5, 2015: Two Lashkar-e-Taiba armed terrorists attacked a Border Security Force (BSF) convoy in Udhampur, Jammu and Kashmir. One terrorist from Pakistan, identified as Mohammad Naved was caught alive while the other was killed.

August 22, 2015: Sartaj Aziz, member of Pakistan’s Security Agency, cancelled his visit to New Delhi, blaming India's refusal to allow a meeting with Kashmiri separatist parties.

August 25, 2015: Around 900 border ceasefire violations on India-Pakistan Border with 19 jawans and 34 civilians having lost their lives ever since Modi came to power.

Consequently, India called off secretary level talks to be held in Islamabad after Pakistan High Commissioner Abdul Basit met with Hurriyat separatist leaders from Kashmir.

September 19, 2015: Pakistan marines opened fire on two Indian boats off the Gujarat coast with five Indian fishermen onboard. One Indian fisherman, Iqbal Abdul Bhatti was killed.

November 24, 2015: The Pakistan Maritime Security Agency apprehended 18 Indian fishermen along with 3 of their boats in Arabian sea near Jakhau port in Kutch district.

November 30, 2015: In the wake of Climate Change Conference in Paris, the two leaders reiterated their commitment to the dialogue process.

December 2015: in the first week of December, Indian and Pakistani delegations led by Doval and Aziz, respectively, finally met in Bangkok.

The Ministry of External Affairs of India said the discussions covered peace and security, terrorism, Jammu and Kashmir, and other issues, including tranquillity along the Line of Control.

December 8, 2015: External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj met Sharif and Aziz ahead of the annual Heart of Asia conference in Islamabad. Easing the deadlock, talks were focused on resumption of the composite dialogue process.

December 25, 2015: On his way back from Kabul, PM Modi rattled he status quo by making an unscheduled stop in Lahore to attend Nawaz Sharif’s granddaughter, Mehrun Nisa’s wedding at Sharif’s Raiwind palatial residence.

The main components of the surprise-meet centred on modalities of bilateral comprehensive dialogue; the two leaders announced that foreign secretaries would meet on January 15, 2016 to chart the course for resumption of dialogue.

Januray 2, 2016: Barely a week later, the Indian Air Force base in Pathankot, Punjab — 50 kilometres from the militarised border between the two countries — was attacked at 3 am by 4 suspected Pakistani terrorists, killing 6 Indian defense personnel.

March 29, 2016: A India-Pakistan Joint Investigation Team (JIT) visits Pathankot to investigate the alleged terror-attack on the airbase.

April 4, 2016: Days after it returned, Pakistani media reports say JIT report found that India has staged the encounter to defame Pakistan.

April 7, 2016: Pakistan High Commissioner announces suspension of India-Pakistan peace dialogue process.

Dear Reader,

Business Standard has always strived hard to provide up-to-date information and commentary on developments that are of interest to you and have wider political and economic implications for the country and the world. Your encouragement and constant feedback on how to improve our offering have only made our resolve and commitment to these ideals stronger. Even during these difficult times arising out of Covid-19, we continue to remain committed to keeping you informed and updated with credible news, authoritative views and incisive commentary on topical issues of relevance.
We, however, have a request.

As we battle the economic impact of the pandemic, we need your support even more, so that we can continue to offer you more quality content. Our subscription model has seen an encouraging response from many of you, who have subscribed to our online content. More subscription to our online content can only help us achieve the goals of offering you even better and more relevant content. We believe in free, fair and credible journalism. Your support through more subscriptions can help us practise the journalism to which we are committed.

Support quality journalism and subscribe to Business Standard.

Digital Editor

First Published: Sat, April 09 2016. 12:53 IST