The department of industrial policy and promotion (DIPP), which has already prepared a draft Cabinet note, was awaiting the go-ahead from the home ministry. It was crucial that DIPP obtains the necessary inputs from the ministry since it entails security concerns.
DIPP for FDI
DIPP has been pushing for allowing FDI in railways since August last year. The government is also keen to have it passed before the elections. By the final Cabinet note, India will allow foreign players to invest only in construction and maintenance of railway projects, not in operations.
As a result, 100 per cent FDI might be allowed in this case.
Apparently, the final Cabinet note is to propose that up to 100 per cent FDI should be allowed in dedicated freight corridors and high-speed railway networks falling under the fixed-line category. And, up to 74 per cent should be allowed in the case of collaborations and joint ventures in other areas.
The railways ministry seemed keen in getting FDI, especially in public-private partnership (PPP) projects. This is because domestic private players have shown little interest in this segment.
Officials had earlier indicated that once the FDI proposal was cleared, foreign investors will be allowed to hold stake in special-purpose vehicles meant for PPP in construction projects.
The move will also help the railways achieve its revenue target of Rs 60,000 crore through projects like construction of factories to manufacture locomotives and coaches.
Currently, FDI is not allowed in railway transport other than mass rapid transport systems and component manufacturing. According to DIPP statistics, foreign equity flows in railway-related components between April 2000 and September 2013 stood at $368 million.