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Donald Trump blasts Fed as 'only problem' in US economy, markets down again

US stocks have dropped sharply in recent weeks on concerns over weaker economic growth

Reuters  |  Washington 

US President Donald Trump
US President Donald Trump. Photo: Reuters

President blasted the Federal Reserve on Monday, describing it as the "only problem" for the U.S. economy, as top officials convened to discuss a growing rout in stock markets caused in part by the president's attacks on the central bank.

Stocks fell again on Monday amid concern about slowing economic growth, the government shutdown and reports that Trump had discussed firing Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell.

US stocks have dropped sharply in recent weeks on concerns over weaker economic growth, with the S&P 500 index on pace for its biggest percentage decline in December since the Great Depression.

In a tweet that did nothing to ease market concerns about the Fed's cherished independence, Trump laid the blame for economic headwinds firmly at the feet of the central bank.

"The only problem our economy has is the Fed. They don't have a feel for the market," Trump said on Twitter. "The Fed is like a powerful golfer who can't score because he has no touch - he can't putt!"

Trump has frequently criticised the Fed's raising of interest rates this year and has gone after Powell several times now, telling Reuters in August he was "not thrilled" with his own appointee. The Fed hiked rates again last week.

A crisis call on Monday between U.S. financial regulators and the Treasury Department failed to assure markets.

All three major indexes ended down more than 2 per cent on the day before the Christmas holiday. The S&P 500 ended down about 19.8 per cent from its Sept. 20 closing high, just shy of the 20 per cent threshold commonly used to define a bear market.

followed equities down, tumbling more than 6 per cent to the lowest in over a year.

Steven Mnuchin hosted a call with the president's Working Group on Financial Markets, a body known colloquially as the "Plunge Protection team," which normally only convenes during times of heavy market volatility.

Regulators on the call said they not seeing anything out of the ordinary in financial markets during the recent sell-off and also discussed how they will continue critical operations during the partial government shutdown, according to two sources familiar with the matter.

Mnuchin also made calls to top U.S. bankers on Sunday and got reassurances that banks were still able to make loans, the Treasury said.


If Mnuchin's efforts were meant to soothe markets, that was not evident on Monday.

"When the Dow is down 600 points it's hard to say it was a positive," said J.J. Kinahan, chief market strategist at in Chicago.

"Although his intention was a very good one, the net feeling I think was, 'Is there a bigger problem that we don't know about?'" he said.

Wall Street is also closely following reports that Trump had privately discussed the possibility of firing the Fed's Powell. Mnuchin said on Saturday that Trump told him he had "never suggested firing" Powell.

Still, just the public suggestion that Trump might try to interfere so deeply with the Fed was unsettling to financial markets that have long operated on the presumption of the U.S. central bank's independence from political meddling.

Adding to that disquiet is the lack of clarity over whether Trump could in fact dismiss Powell.

Sarah Binder, a professor of political science at George University, said it was "ambiguous legally" whether Trump could remove Powell from the chairman role.

The Federal Reserve Act is clear that Powell can only be removed from the Fed's board of governors "for cause," which is generally understood to mean malfeasance, rather than disagreements over interest rates, Binder said.

But it may be lawful for Trump to remove Powell from the chairman role, Binder said. When Congress last amended the statute in 1977, it did not address whether removal from the chairman role must be "for cause," she said.

Troubles in have escalated in recent days with a partial government shutdown that began on Saturday following an impasse in Congress over funds for a wall on the border with Defense Secretary Jim Mattis' resignation on Thursday after Trump's surprise decision to pull U.S. troops out of also unsettled investors.

But Mnuchin's response to the market concerns was seen as an overreaction in Wall Street circles.

"It seems unexpected, abrupt and unnecessary," said Michael Purves, chief global strategist at Weeden & Co in Greenwich, Connecticut.

What forced a rare meeting

The team, formally called Working Group on Financial Markets, does not deal exclusively with Wall Street panic. The Working Group dates to March 1988 when was trying to figure out what was behind the “Black Monday” stock market crash of October 1987. Then president Ronald Reagan created the group. The group also met in 2008 during the financial crisis and issued recommendations for overhauling banking regulations and rules on mortgage lending. The group, however, does not always meet during a crisis. In 1999, it issued a report asking the Congress to change laws on derivatives markets. 

Why is it meeting now?

Financial markets are not in crisis but lately they have had a bad run. The benchmark S&P 500 stock index. SPX is on pace for its biggest percentage decline in December since the Great Depression. The Treasury Department on Sunday said the Working Group will discuss "coordination efforts to assure normal market operations." Financial turbulence is not always a sign of trouble in the economy, but Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell said last week that tighter financial conditions were partly behind a downward shift in economic growth expectations.

Who will be at the meeting?

Steven Mnuchin chairs the group. Powell is part of the group. It also includes the heads of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission. Mnuchin has also invited representatives from the Comptroller of the Currency and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.

Why are the markets choppy?

Investors are betting US economic growth will slow as a tax cut stimulus fades and as three years of gradual interest rate hikes by the Federal Reserve cool purchases made by businesses and households. Slower growth in the global economy is also weighing on the US. Additionally, Wall Street is on edge over reports that President has privately discussed firing Powell.


(Only the headline and picture of this report may have been reworked by the Business Standard staff; the rest of the content is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

First Published: Tue, December 25 2018. 00:54 IST