Former European bank chief Mario Draghi agreed on Wednesday to try to form a non-political government to steer Italy through the coronavirus pandemic after last-ditch negotiations among political parties failed to produce a viable governing coalition.
Italian President Sergio Mattarella met with Draghi, who is credited with having saved the euro during Europe's debt crisis, and gave him a mandate to try to form a new government to replace caretaker Premier Giuseppe Conte's coalition of the 5-Star Movement and Democratic Party.
Draghi told reporters he accepted the mandate knowing that Italy faces the multiple challenges of a health care crisis, a national vaccination campaign and an economic recession and at the same time will have extraordinary" resources from the European Union to try to help the economy relaunch.
It's a difficult moment," Draghi, 73, said. Appealing for unity from Italy's squabbling political forces, he added: We have the chance to do a lot for our country."
Conte was forced to resign last month after ex-Premier Matteo Renzi pulled ministers of his small, centrist Italy Alive party from Conte's government. Renzi, whose nickname is il rottamatore, or the demolisher, complained among other things about Conte's plan to spend more than 200 billion euros (USD 240 billion) in EU pandemic recovery funds and loans.
During his tenure at the European Central Bank, Draghi became known as Super Mario". He had been rumoured as a possible choice to lead a non-political government if Conte was unable to find enough parliamentary support to continue leading Italy. Negotiations among political parties failed Tuesday.
Draghi to the rescue, said Christopher Dembik, senior European economist at Germany's Berenberg bank, predicting that Draghi would eventually succeed in forming a broad-based government.
His greatest hurdle, though, will be securing support from the 5-Star Movement, the biggest political block in the Italian Parliament and the senior partner in Conte's government. The 5-Stars had insisted on Conte remaining premier and bitterly resented Renzi's power play that brought him down.
Five-star leader Vito Crimi said the movement would only support a political government. As such, it will not vote in favour of a technical government headed by Mario Draghi, Crimi said in a statement.
For the 5-Stars, a Draghi government imposed by Mattarella poses an almost existential dilemma. The anti-establishment, populist movement emerged as a potent political force in part as a response to Italy's last technocratic government led by Mario Monti, in 2011-2013.
Under Conte, the 5-Stars had led two successive governments starting in 2018, allying first with the right-wing League and then the centre-left Democrats.
Markets and analysts reacted positively to a possible Draghi mandate, with borrowing costs sinking and the Milan Stock Exchanges benchmark FTSE MIB index rallying 2.7% in early trading.
A government headed by a high-profile and respected figure like Draghi is likely to be seen, especially by market investors, as a very good solution in the short term," UniCredit analysts said in a note.
A sombre Mattarella told the nation Tuesday night that he essentially had no choice: While an early parliamentary election was a necessary exercise in democracy, calling one would be ill-advised at this crucial time in Italy's history, the president said.
Italy, with over 89,000 confirmed virus deaths, has the second-highest COVID-19 death toll in Europe after Britain. It is trying to ramp up its vaccination campaign and must report back to the EU how it plans to spend the recovery funds.
It is therefore my duty to make an appeal to all the forces in the parliament so that they grant the confidence to a high profile government not linked to any political force, Mattarella said.
Renzi, who was premier from 2014-2016, blamed Conte's forces for the failed negotiations to find a new coalition and governing program, saying they had rejected his proposals. He made clear he was pleased with the outcome, praising Mattarella's wise decision.
Now everyone of good will must welcome President Mattarella's appeal to support the government of Mario Draghi," he said Wednesday. Viva Italia".
The right-wing opposition, which had been leading the polls prior to the government tumult, still pressed for an early election, though the Forza Italia party of ex-Premier Silvio Berlusconi indicated its support for a high-profile government.
Draghi, a Massachusetts Institute of Technology-trained economist, led the Italian central bank from 2005-2011 when he was tapped to lead the European Central Bank, a job he held until 2019.
Prior to that, he had been a vice chairman and managing director at Goldman Sachs International in London and an executive director at the World Bank.
He is perhaps best known for his intervention as ECB chief during the peak of Europe's debt crisis in 2012. As Italy was facing unsustainably high borrowing costs that threatened its financial stability, Draghi said in July 2012 that the central bank was ready to do whatever it takes within its mandate to preserve the euro.
It proved to be a turning point for Europe.
Italy, the third-largest economy in the EU, nevertheless had been heading into a recession even before it became the first country in the West to be hit hard by COVID-19 last February.