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FICCI Urges Govt To Use Mini-Ministerial Platform To Create Support For Revitalising WTO

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Industry body has urged the to use the mini-ministerial platform for creating alliances and consolidating support among member-countries to revitalize the multilateral trading system. "It will help in effectively countering attempts by some countries to dilute the importance of multilateralism and weaken the WTO," said Mr. Sandip Somany, President, Complimenting the initiative of convening the mini-ministerial meeting, Mr. Somany observed, "We at feel this is a much-needed step as WTO has been under severe stress in recent times amid rising trade tensions and questions are raised over the relevance of the institution".

In a letter sent to the Ministry of Commerce & Industry, the apex chamber said that it would like the 'Special and Differential Treatment (S&DT) to continue at WTO for all developing and least developed members, because S&DT provisions are an integral part of multilateral trade rules. In view of the wide diversity in the level of development among WTO membership, there is need for sufficient flexibilities. "Just to cite one specific instance, still has over 360 million poor and as of end-May 2018, it had 73 million people in extreme poverty.

So, we just cannot wish away the continued need for S&DT provisions for developing economies like India," FICCI pointed out.

Alluding to the issue of WTO reform Mr. Somany said, "Any dynamic institution needs to periodically undertake reforms. WTO disciplines and rulebook too need to be updated so that they stay relevant and are better-equipped to handle new and emerging trade issues of the 21st Century". At the same time, it is essential to preserve the prime position of WTO in global trading system and it should be made stronger. "Reform or modernization of the WTO should be approached in a balanced manner involving all sections of the WTO-membership and taking their interests as well as concerns into account," FICCI remarked.

As regards the proposals favouring WTO talks on electronic commerce, it is necessary to first thoroughly appreciate the implications of fast-changing digital trade, free flow of data across borders, infrastructure localization, and many other such factors before discussing binding trade rules in this area.

In view of the sharp 'digital divide' (in terms of digital infrastructure and access to advanced digital technologies), binding rules on cross-border data transfers and localization restrictions may limit the ability of the developing countries to gain from building their national digital technological capacity and skills, as articulated by UNCTAD (Conference on Trade and Development) and In the absence of clarity on the impact of such critical issues, it may be pre-mature to attempt rulemaking in and thus we need to be extremely cautious in our approach in this area, the apex chamber pointed out.

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First Published: Mon, May 13 2019. 13:20 IST