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IMO to begin talks on reducing ship emissions

IANS  |  New Delhi 

The (IMO) will begin talks in on Tuesday to discuss proposals to limit and reduce emissions by ships.

This might also be the deciding year for to initiate steps to limit the increasing problem of emissions of greenhouse gases from maritime transportation, experts said on Sunday.

has been of the IMO, having ratified its convention and joined it as a member-state in 1959.

"Since 2016 uptil now, there have been several arguments made for and against an ambitious target. A more conservative approach led by and supported by and calls the targets to be data driven and for the adoption of a common but differentiated, responsibilities principle as it is in the Agreement," an Indian negotiator, who is attending the meeting, told IANS.

is the world's largest fleet operator and the third largest in terms of total dead-weight tonnage.

Shipping has been excluded from the 2015 Climate Agreement, which embraces common but differentiated responsibilities, precisely because it is a global cross-border industry where it is hard or impossible to break down individual countries' contributions.

The instead operates on a non-discriminatory basis between ships - all face the same regulations, whichever country they're registered in.

According to a UN report, compared to China, India and were minor players in the shipping industry with 1.21 per cent and 0.88 per cent, respectively, of the overall world share.

Even the OECD's International Forum (ITF), with 59 member countries including India, in a report released on March 27 talked about decarbonising maritime by 2035.

Zero emissions from shipping by 2035 is the most ambitious proposal on the table at the IMO, made by the climate-vulnerable Islands and allies.

This report, therefore, directly undercuts the arguments made by that only 50 per cent decarbonisation much later by 2060 is technically feasible.

The main for the growth of global shipping emissions is the rise of international trade, projected to almost double by 2035 and growing at a rate of approximately three per cent per year until 2050.

By 2035, and India could dominate global trade with 23 per cent of global export flows.

The share of export values from might be reduced to 26 per cent of the global export flows in 2035, compared to 33 per cent in 2015.

According to 2015 estimates, South and will be the most affected by sea level rise, with the highest impact in India and other developing countries in the region.

Experts say the report also undermines the previous arguments that "no absolute cap" on the shipping sector's carbon emissions should be imposed, because to do so would hamper world trade.

Instead it lays out the pathways for shipping to embrace new to reach a low and ultimately zero-carbon future in order to meet the goals of the Agreement.



(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

First Published: Sun, April 01 2018. 15:22 IST