Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal have elected the most number of women parliamentarians, 11 each. Maharashtra (8) is the next, followed by Odisha (7) and Gujarat (6).
Among the political parties, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) has the most number of women winners (41), or nearly 14% of all its members (303) elected to the Lok Sabha. The BJP is followed by the All India Trinamool Congress (9), which had fielded 41% women candidates, unprecedented for any election in the history of Indian democracy.
These parties are followed by the Congress (7 — 13.5% of its 52 MPs), the Yuvajana Shramika Rythu Congress (4 — 18% of 22) and the Biju Janata Dal (4 — 33.3% of its 12).
The previous best tally of women parliamentarians was in the previous Lok Sabha; 62 women were elected in 2014, accounting for 11.4% of the seats of the House. The 6th Lok Sabha in 1977 had the fewest women MPs, 19 or 3.5% of the strength of the House.
The lowest success rate for women candidates was in the 11th Lok Sabha in 1996, when 6.7%, or 40 of 599, women contestants got elected. The second Lok Sabha in 1957 had the highest success rate among women candidates — 48.9% or 22 of 45.
India stood 149th on a 2019 list of 193 countries ranked by the percentage of elected women representatives in their national parliaments, trailing Pakistan, Bangladesh & Afghanistan, dropping three places since 2018. There were 66 women MPs in the Lok Sabha, occupying 12.6% of its 524 seats, while the world average was 24.3%, as of January 1, 2019.
The representation of women MPs in the 17th Lok Sabha — in terms of the strength of the House — has seen an improvement from 11% in 2014 to 14% in 2019. This is still low compared to countries like Rwanda (61%), South Africa (43%), the UK (32%), the US (24%) and Bangladesh (21%).