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Global energy demand for air conditioners to triple by 2050: IEA

Press Trust of India  |  New Delhi 

Global demand for air conditioners is expected to triple by 2050 and there is an urgent need to improve cooling efficiency, International Agency (IEA) said today.

The growing use of air conditioners in homes and offices around the world will be one of the top drivers of global demand over the next three decades, according to new analysis by the IEA that stresses the urgent need for policy action to improve cooling efficiency.

A new IEA report - The Future of Cooling - shows that without new efficiency standards the world will be facing a "cold crunch" from the growth in cooling demand in coming decades.

Global demand from air conditioners is expected to triple by 2050, requiring new capacity the equivalent to the combined capacity of the United States, the EU and today, it said in a statement.

The global stock of air conditioners in buildings will grow to 5.6 billion by 2050, up from 1.6 billion today - which amounts to 10 new sold every second for the next 30 years, according to the report.

Using air conditioners and electric fans to stay cool already accounts for about a fifth of the total electricity used in buildings around the world - or 10 per cent of all global But as incomes and living standards improve in many developing countries, the growth in AC demand in hotter regions is set to soar.

The AC use is expected to be the second-largest source of global growth after the industry sector, and the strongest for buildings by 2050.

Supplying power to these comes with large costs and environmental implications. One crucial factor is that the efficiency of these new can vary widely. For example, ACs sold in and the are typically 25 per cent more efficient than those sold in the and

Efficiency improvements could cut the energy growth from AC demand in half through

"With rising incomes, air conditioner ownership will skyrocket, especially in the emerging world. While this will bring extra comfort and improve daily lives, it is essential that efficiency performance for ACs be prioritised. Standards for the bulk of these new ACs are much lower than where they should be," said Fatih Birol, of the IEA in the statement.

The report identifies key policy actions. In an Efficient Cooling Scenario, which is compatible with the goals of the Paris Agreement, the IEA finds that through stringent and other measures such as labelling, the of the stock of ACs worldwide could more than double between now and 2050. This would greatly reduce the need to build new to meet rising demand.

Making cooling more efficient will also yield multiple benefits, making it more affordable, more secure, and more sustainable, and saving as much as USD 2.9 trillion in investment, fuel and operating costs.

Today, less than a third of global households own an air conditioner. In countries such as the and Japan, more than 90 per cent of households have air conditioning, compared to just 8 per cent of the 2.8 billion people living in the hottest parts of the world, it added.

The issue is particularly sensitive in the fastest-growing nations, with the biggest increase happening in hot countries like - where the share of AC in could reach 45 per cent in 2050, up from 10 per cent today without action. This will require large investments in new power plants to meet peak power demand at night, which cannot be met with solar PV technology, it said.

"Setting higher efficiency standards for cooling is one of the easiest steps governments can take to reduce the need for new power plants, and allow them at the same time to cut emissions and reduce costs," said Birol.

(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

First Published: Tue, May 15 2018. 15:40 IST