The Fukushima district court's verdict was the second time the government has been ruled liable for the meltdown in eastern Japan, the world's most serious nuclear accident since Chernobyl in 1986.
The plaintiffs, local residents whose lives were ruined and property destroyed by the disaster, were awarded up to 360,000 yen (USD 3,198) each, according to a copy of the verdict obtained by AFP.
But the court rejected a demand for monthly compensation of 55,000 yen.
In March a court in the eastern city of Maebashi ruled that both the government and TEPCO were responsible.
However, another court, in Chiba near Tokyo, ruled last month that only the operator was liable.
Around 12,000 people who fled due to radiation fears have filed various group lawsuits against the government and TEPCO.
Cases have revolved around whether the government and TEPCO, both responsible for disaster prevention measures, could have foreseen the scale of the tsunami.
Dozens of class-action lawsuits have been filed seeking compensation from the government.
In June three former TEPCO executives went on trial, the only people ever to face a criminal court in connection with the disaster. The hearing is continuing.
Triggered by a 9.1-magnitude earthquake, the tsunami overwhelmed reactor cooling systems, sending three into meltdown at the plant.
Radiation was spewed over a wide area, leaving vast swathes of land uninhabitable in Japan's worst post-war disaster.
(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)