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Rampant use of end-of-life tyres for pyrolysis in India: ATRA

Press Trust of India  |  New Delhi 

Old tyres are a menace around the world and more so in India, where there is rampant use of end-of-life tyres for pyrolysis, an environmental hazard that is banned in developed countries, as this process emits life threatening gases, according to the (ATRA).

is a process where the material is put through a thermochemical treatment under high temperature to produce and other matters.

"has a huge demand for used tyres for the purpose of These tyres are imported in the form of bales rather than shred. A large chunk of such import comes from Australia," ATRA said.

Citing industry sources, Kelman said alone is reported to have around 150 separate plants and there may be around 2,000 plants around the country using used tyres.

He further noted that used tyre pyrolysis has not proved itself commercially viable anywhere in the developed world (member countries) because the products manufactured are of very low quality and therefore not profitable to sell.

Moreover, the emission controls required to meet environmental regulations again make the practice prohibitive. ATRA has banned the practice of used tyre pyrolysis for all its members because of its harmful effects and little commercial rationale.

The Indian pyrolysis plants that ATRA visited were simply boilers with smoke stacks and

"As such there are virtually no emission capturing or Additionally, occupational health and safety standards were also virtually non-existent with staff wearing no breathing masks, etc," Kelman added.

According to Gaurav Sekhri, Director, - an Indian tyre recycler, waste tyre collection is completely unorganised and is in the hands of unskilled workforce.

More than 1.5 billion waste tyres are generated every year globally and 6 per cent of all waste tyres are generated in

The and Forests has a well-defined Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for operation of such plants. However, only a very small percentage of these plants are partially compliant with the SOP.

"The government should shut down all illegally operating pyrolysis plants that are not compliant with the SOP," Sekhri said.

Sekhri further noted that stricter norms for granting permission for import of waste tyres are required.

Permission should be given only to a company having mechanical equipment for processing of waste tyres in an friendly manner.

Such companies must submit end use certificate and power consumption bill to show of waste tyres and who their end customers are. This should be certified by an independent auditor, he added.

(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

First Published: Sun, February 10 2019. 13:25 IST