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Trio win Nobel Physics Prize for laser research

AFP  |  Stockholm 

Three researchers on Tuesday shared the 2018 Nobel Prize for inventions in the field of which have paved the way for advanced precision instruments used in corrective eye surgery and industry, the jury said.

of the won one half of the nine million Swedish kronor (about $1.01 million or 870,000 euros) prize, while of and of shared the other half.

Ashkin, 96, was honoured for his invention of "optical tweezers" that grab particles, atoms, viruses and other living cells with their beam fingers.

With this he was able to use the pressure of light to move physical objects, "an old dream of science fiction," the Royal of Sciences said.

Meanwhile Mourou, 74, and Strickland -- only the third woman to win the Prize -- won for together developing a method to generate ultra-short optical pulses, "the shortest and most intense pulses ever created by mankind," the jury said.

Their technique is now used in corrective eye surgery.

Last year, US astrophysicists Barry Barish, and won the physics prize for the discovery of gravitational waves, predicted by a century ago as part of his theory of general relativity.

On Monday, two immunologists, of the US and of Japan, won this year's Nobel Medicine Prize for research into how the body's natural defences can fight cancer.

The winners of the chemistry prize will be announced on Wednesday, followed by the peace prize on Friday. The economics prize will wrap up the Nobel season on Monday, October 8.

For the first time since 1949, the has postponed the announcement of until next year, amid a #MeToo scandal and bitter internal dispute that has prevented it from functioning properly.

(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

First Published: Tue, October 02 2018. 16:10 IST
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