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Social media platforms like Facebook, WhatsApp and Viber were once welcomed in Pakistan as mediums for engaging in religious debate and afforded a measure of privacy, but today government pressure is building on these platforms to reveal names of individuals or groups engaging in blasphemy or any other kind of "illegal" speech or discourse.
Earlier this month, The Guardian reported that Facebook Vice President (Public Policy) Joel Kaplan met with Khan to discuss Islamabad's demand that Facebook either removes blasphemous content or be blocked across Pakistan.
According to prominent academic and activist Pervez Hoodbhoy, platforms such as Facebook, WhatsApp and Viber were places "where you could discuss the hypocrisy of people whose behaviour was loathsome but who wore the thick garb of piety."
He said the government's decision to track down people "wherever you are and however you might want to hide," suggests that "Pakistan is fast becoming a Saudi-style fascist religious state", claimed Hoodbhoy.
Last month, 30-year-old Taimoor Raza, a Shia Muslim was sentenced to death for allegedly insulting Prophet Muhammad on Facebook.
According to The Guardian, he was participating in an online debate with a man who turned out to be an undercover counter-terrorism agent.
Established under British colonial rule, these blasphemy laws have been criticized by both religious and secular reformers, who argue that they are used to persecute minorities, settle personal scores and stifle debate.
In 2013, the Pakistan government requested data on 210 users, according to Facebook's government request report. By 2016, government requests had risen to 2,460 accounts, with Facebook complying with about two-thirds.
Parents are now telling their children to self-censor on Facebook, Hoodbhoy was quoted, as saying, especially in light of the lynching in April of Mashal Khan - a university student who was accused of offending Islam.
Goraya was one of five bloggers abducted for four weeks in January for being critical of the military establishment.
Some fear the project will lead to a block of Facebook in Pakistan, similar to the one in China. The project is expected to be finished next year.