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What is NRC


About NRC

What is NRC

The National Register of Citizens (NRC) is a register containing names of all genuine Indian citizens. At present, only Assam has such a register. 
The exercise may be extended to other states as well. Nagaland is already creating a similar database known as the Register of Indigenous Inhabitants. The Centre is planning to create a National Population Register (NPR), which will contain demographic and biometric details of citizens.
What is NRC in Assam?
The NRC in Assam is basically a list of Indian citizens living in the state. The citizens’ register sets out to identify foreign nationals in the state that borders Bangladesh.
The process to update the register began following a Supreme Court order in 2013, with the state’s nearly 33 million people having to prove that they were Indian nationals prior to March 24, 1971.

The updated final NRC was released on August 31, with over 1.9 million applicants failing to make it to the list.
How does one prove citizenship?
In Assam, one of the basic criteria was that the names of applicant's family members should either be in the first NRC prepared in 1951 or in the electoral rolls up to March 24, 1971. 
Other than that, applicants also had the option to present documents such as refugee registration certificate, birth certificate, LIC policy, land and tenancy records, citizenship certificate,  passport,  government issued licence or certificate, bank/post office accounts, permanent residential certificate, government employment certificate, educational certificate and court records.
What happens with the excluded individuals
"Non-inclusion of a person's name in the NRC does not by itself amount to him/her being declared a foreigner," govt has said. Such individuals will have the option to present their case before foreigners' tribunals. 
If one loses the case in the tribunal, the person can move the high court and, then, the Supreme Court. 
In the case of Assam, the state government has clarified it will not detain any individual until he/she is declared a foreigner by the foreigners' tribunal.

What can people do if they cannot find legacy data
The government has set up NRC Seva Kendras in every district of Assam, which assist people in searching for Legacy Data, issuing of Legacy Data Code, and in receipt of NRC Application forms.
The 1951 NRC in Assam
NRC for Indian citizens in Assam was first created in 1951. Manipur and Tripura were also granted permission to create their own NRCs, but it never materialised. The reason behind the move was to identify Indian citizens in Assam amid "unabated" migration from East Pakistan (now Bangladesh). 
The list comprised of those who lived in India on January 26, 1950, or were born in India or had parents who were born in India or had been living in India for at least five years before the January 26, 1950 cut-off. 

Latest Updates on NRC

Mamata Banerjee 'ready to shed blood', says 'no CAA, NRC' at Eid gathering

West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee said Bengal will not accept the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, National Register of Citizens and Uniform Civil Code

Updated On : 11 Apr 2024 | 8:17 PM IST

Manipur Assembly passes resolution urging Centre to implement NRC in state

In another development, Chief Minister N Biren Singh informed the House that eight FIRs have been filed regarding the February 15 incident in Churachandpur

Updated On : 01 Mar 2024 | 8:13 PM IST

Over 159,000 declared as 'foreigners' in Assam so far, says CM Himanta

Sarma, who also holds the Home portfolio, said 100 Foreigners' Tribunals (FTs), which deal with the citizenship issue of D-voters in the state, are currently functional in the state

Updated On : 12 Feb 2024 | 7:27 PM IST

As Karnataka assembly election nears, NRC returns to BJP syllabus

In the first session of Parliament after the 2019 elections, Parliament made instant triple talaq illegal and invalidated Article 370 on August 5, 2019

Updated On : 03 May 2023 | 7:55 PM IST

Chidambaram cautions people of Karnataka against Uniform Civil Code, NRC

According to Chidrambaram, the BJP will try to enter other states including Tamil Nadu (using UCC and NRC)

Updated On : 02 May 2023 | 7:07 PM IST

Biswa asserts NRC needed across nation to ensure schemes reach deserving

Assam Chief Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma on Tuesday asserted that the country should have a National Register of Citizens (NRC) to ensure that government schemes reach the deserving.

Updated On : 02 May 2023 | 5:11 PM IST

IPL ticket advisory: No CAA/NRC protest banners allowed during matches

The National Register of Citizens (NRC) is a register of all Indian citizens whose creation was mandated by the 2003 amendment of the Citizenship Act, 1955

Updated On : 02 Apr 2023 | 5:19 PM IST

LIVE: Emergency at Delhi Airport due to bird-hit incident on cargo flight

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Updated On : 01 Apr 2023 | 9:36 PM IST

Risk of data tampering in Assam's NRC updation process, says CAG report

The CAG has flagged the risk of data tampering in the NRC for Assam, due to improper software development related to data capture and correction during the updation process of the citizenship document

Updated On : 25 Dec 2022 | 10:57 PM IST

NRC project cost escalates from Rs 288 crore to Rs 1,602 crore: CAG report

The Comptroller and Auditor General of India in its report pointed out that due to time over run initially conceptualised National Register of Citizens, the project cost escalated to Rs 1602.66 Crore

Updated On : 25 Dec 2022 | 8:16 AM IST

BJP 'using' CAA with eye on upcoming Gujarat elections: Mamata Banerjee

The Trinamool Congress (TMC) supremo asserted that she will never allow the implementation of CAA in West Bengal.

Updated On : 09 Nov 2022 | 3:03 PM IST

Large number of foreigners included in NRC list: Ex-NRC State Coordinator

Former NRC State Coordinator of Assam Hitesh Dev Sarma claimed that a large number of illegal foreign citizens' names were included in the last list of NRC which was published on August 31, 2019

Updated On : 04 Sep 2022 | 7:22 AM IST

Amit Shah silent on CAA, NRC during visit to Assam: TMC's Abhishek Banerjee

Reacting to the Shah's remark that the West Bengal government is not cooperating with the Centre to tackle the infiltration issue, Banerjee said that the Home Ministry should safeguard their borders

Updated On : 12 May 2022 | 7:03 AM IST

No decision yet on country-wide NRC: Govt to Lok Sabha

The minister said on the direction of the Supreme Court, the supplementary list of inclusions and the list of exclusions for the NRC in Assam have been published on August 31, 2019.

Updated On : 16 Mar 2022 | 1:13 AM IST

Delhi riots: Former Congress councillor Ishrat Jahan gets bail

As per the prosecution, Ishrat Jahan was in touch with other accused with whom she had no connection and the same was only to further the object of conspiracy to commit riots

Updated On : 14 Mar 2022 | 5:45 PM IST

Delhi riots: Court reserves order on bail plea of Sharjeel Imam

Additional Session Judge Amitabh Rawat reserved the order after hearing arguments from the defence advocate as well as the public prosecutor

Updated On : 10 Feb 2022 | 7:47 PM IST

Creating the non-citizen: Intricacies of the proposed NPR and NRC exercises

A welcome collation of essays and memoirs explores the intricacies of the proposed NPR and NRC exercises and their implications for the Indian republic

Updated On : 31 Dec 2021 | 11:27 PM IST

NRC published in August 2019 is final, rules Assam Foreigners' Tribunal

The National Register of Citizens published on August 31, 2019 is the "Final NRC", ruled a Foreigners' Tribunal (FT) in Assam, even as the Registrar General of India is yet to notify it.

Updated On : 20 Sep 2021 | 3:56 PM IST

TMC spreading lies about NRC, it will have no impact on Gorkhas: Amit Shah

Shah asserted on Monday that the National Register of Citizens (NRC) will have no impact on the Gorkhas

Updated On : 12 Apr 2021 | 4:40 PM IST

Won't conduct NRC exercise in Bengal, CAA to be implemented: Vijayvargiya

Countering opposition claims that the BJP, if voted to power in Bengal, will update the National Register of Citizens (NRC), Kailash Vijayvargiya reaffirmed that no such plan is on the radar

Updated On : 04 Apr 2021 | 1:42 PM IST