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For second day, Pakistan raises Kashmir at UN; India hits back at 'failed state'

IANS  |  United Nations 

to Islamabad's bid to raise the issue for a second day on Friday at the meeting in Geneva, denounced as a "failed state" where terrorists thrive and received protection, and demanded that it bring the perpetrators of the Mumbai, Pathankot and Uri attacks to justice.

"Even as terrorists thrive in and roam its streets with impunity, we have heard it lecture about the protection of human rights in India," Mini Devi Kumam, a at the India's in Geneva, said.

"We await credible action by the Government of to bring all those involved in the 2008 attack and the 2016 Pathankot and Uri attacks to justice," she said.

"The world does not need lessons on democracy and human rights from a country whose own situation is charitably described as a failed state," she added.

Kumam was to Tahir Andrabi, Pakistan's in Geneva, who earlier on Friday invoked Jawaharlal Nehru to make his case for a plebiscite in

Andrabi said that at the heart of the problem is the right to self-determination which was conceded by "the first of India, one of the founding fathers of India" and by the through a plebiscite.

Kumum said, "Pakistan keeps referring to Resolutions on and Kashmir. However, it very conveniently forgets its own obligation under these resolutions to first vacate the illegal occupation of Pakistan Occupied Kashmir. It has also blatantly disregarded its other commitments, be it under the 1972 Simla Agreement or Declaration of February 1999."

Instead, "they continue to support cross-border terrorism in India," she said.

In the Simla Agreement signed by and then-Pakistan Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, the two countries agreed that the Kashmir issue is a bilateral issue that has to be resolved without third party involvement.

The Declaration by Prime Ministers Atal Bihari Vajpayee of and of Pakistan commits the two nations to avoid a nuclear arms race.

"It is extraordinary that the state which protected and sheltered Mullah Omar should have the gumption to play the victim," she said.

In "gross violation" of a Council, the UN-designated terrorists like are "freely operating with State support, and the UN designated entities are being politically mainstreamed in Pakistan," she added.

Andrabi also accused of "crimes against humanity" in Kashmir and of escalating ceasefire violations along the line of control and the border with his country as a diversionary tactic.

On Thursday, he said that the "must not falter in documenting human rights abuses by India and recognise that root of the problem is illegal occupation of and Kashmir."

But "the real problem in the State of and Kashmir is terrorism, which has constantly received sustenance from Pakistan and territories under its control," Kumam said in reply. "We urge the Council to call on Pakistan to end cross border infiltration; to dismantle special terrorist zones, safe havens and sanctuaries."

"Terrorism is the grossest violation of human rights," Kumam added.

She listed the various human rights violations against minorities in Pakistan and demanded remedies for them.

She said there should be "procedural and institutional safeguards to prevent misuse of blasphemy law; to end forced conversions and marriages of minorities, including Hindu, Sikh and Christian women, to prosecute all such cases; to stop targeting political dissidents and legitimate criticism in Sindh, and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa; to stop torture, enforced disappearances and unlawful killing; including that of journalists and activists by its security agencies and prosecute all perpetrators; to stop sectarian violence, systemic persecution and attacks on Muslim minorities, such as Shias, Ahmadiyas, Ismailia and Hazaras."

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First Published: Sat, March 10 2018. 06:52 IST