They noted that study participants may have reported their consumption of a wide variety of types of water, including flavoured and sweetened water.
"There is a lack of comprehensive information on the health implications of the wide range of beverage options that are available in the food supply," said Casey Rebholz, Assistant Professor at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in the US.
"In particular, there is limited information on which types of beverages and patterns of beverages are associated with kidney disease risk in particular."
For the study, the researchers studied 3,003 men and women with normal kidney function.
In addition, participants in the top tertile (any of the two points that divide an ordered distribution into three parts) for consumption of this beverage pattern were 61 per cent more likely to develop CKD than those in the bottom tertile.
(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)