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Healthy diet may lower cancer risk: Study

Press Trust of India  |  London 

Adhering to a healthy diet, drinking less alcohol, and exercising may reduce the risk of developing cancer, researchers have found.

The review, published in the journal Research, drew data from the NutriNet-Sante study, launched in 2009 to investigate associations between nutrition and in a French cohort.

This study included a large sample of 41,543 participants aged 40 or older, who had never been diagnosed with prior to inclusion in the study.

"The World Research Fund/American Institute for (WCRF/AICR) estimated that in developed countries, around 35 per cent of and 45 per cent of could be avoided by adherence to nutritional recommendations," said from Paris 13 University in

The recommends plenty of whole grains, fruit, vegetables, and beans with limited fast food, red and processed meat, alcohol, and sugary drinks.

The study showed that adherence to nutritional recommendations by the WCRF/AICR, developed specifically with in mind, was associated with a 12 per cent decrease in risk; a 14 per cent decrease in risk, and a 12 per cent decrease in risk.

Adherence to the other was also associated with reduced cancer risk, but the index demonstrated greater statistical strength and a better predictive performance, researchers said.

The researchers concluded that the "synergistic contribution" of a was more significant than any single dietary recommendation.

For example, antioxidants from fruits and vegetables may contribute to counteract some of the oxidative damage to the DNA caused by red meat and processed meat, and exercise could lower blood pressure, partly counteracting the effects of high-sodium foods.

"This emphasises the role of an overall healthy lifestyle - nutrition and physical activity and alcohol avoidance - in cancer prevention," Srour said.

"It is, therefore, important to keep in mind that every lifestyle factor counts and it is never too late to adopt a healthy lifestyle," he said.

(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

First Published: Mon, July 30 2018. 15:15 IST
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