Shooting is a group of competitive and recreational sport, involving tests of accuracy, precision, and speed. It is a sport of using various types of ranged firearms, mainly referring to man-portable guns.
There are various disciplines of the sport that can be categorised by equipment, distances, targets, time limits, and degrees of athleticism involved. The game may involve both team and individual competition. The team performance is assessed by adding the scores of the individual team members.
Developing as a favourite leisure activity in the late-19th century, The National Rifle Association of the United Kingdom (NRA) was founded in 1860, while the US formed the National Rifle Association of America in 1871. In 1903, the NRA began to establish rifle clubs at all major colleges, universities, and military academies.
Disciplines of shooting
For Olympics, shooting has three disciplines, i.e, Rifle, Pistol, and Shotgun.
In rifle and pistol, participants aim at a target with concentric circles, with those closest to the centre earning more points, whereas a shotgun is the art of shooting at a flying target known commonly as a clay target.
In the last Olympic edition in 2016, shooting competed in nine categories, six in bullseye (pistol and rifle) and three in skeet and trap (shotgun).
The common nine categories are:
1) 50-metre rifle three positions (men and women)
2) 50-metre rifle prone (men)
3) 10-metre air rifle (men and women)
4) 50-metre pistol (men)
5) 25-metre rapid fire pistol (men and women)
6) 10-metre air pistol (men and women)
7) Trap (men and women)
8) Double trap (men)
9) Skeet (men and women)
Presently, the International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF) has oversight of all Olympic shooting events globally, while National Governing Bodies (NGBs) administer the sport within each country. The shooting has featured on every Olympic programme since the first modern games in 1896.
There are 33 sports being contested at the Tokyo 2020 Olympics in 2021
, and the first medal of the whole event will be won in the shooting. Olena Kostevych is an air pistol women’s world number one, who has won almost everything on offer, including Olympic gold at Athens 2004.
The US is the most successful nation in the Olympic shooting, with a total of 54 gold, double the number won by second-placed China who has 22 gold so far.