With thousands of dams upstream, China has water as weapon against India: Experts

With having 87,000 dams, many in Tibet, with strategic benefit against India, experts on Friday urged the "down stream" Asian nations to unite and force to sign a trans-border water sharing treaty to counter its massive damming policies.

is source to ten major Asian rivers upon which 25 percent of the world population depends.

"Beside having environmental issues those dams in can be disastrous for us. They can unleash their fury during earthquake, accidents or by intentional destruction can easily be used against during war," Prof Milap Chandra Sharma, a glaciologist at JNU, told IANS here at an international seminar "Damming crisis in Tibet: Threat to water security in Asia".

He further added that this is the "right time for to raise the issue internationally".

Part of the "Tibet's Rivers, Asia's Lifeline" campaign which started in March 2015 by "Students For a Free Tibet-India", experts and activists from India, Thailand, Bangladesh and said that by either blocking or releasing water, Chinese dams in are already directly or indirectly effecting over 2 billion Asians who are dependent on those rivers.

"When it comes to diplomacy, uses rivers as a bargain chip," says Tanasak Phosrikun, a Mekong river activist from Thailand.

Activists say that has built about seven dams on the upstream and total 21 dams on Mekong, 24 on Salween or Nu river, two on Indus and 11 on the Yarlung Tsangpo or Brahmaputra river.

"We don't know if would ever use water as a weapon against Pakistan but would not hesitate doing that against India. It would be surely used as a weapon and that is another major reason for the downstream countries of the 10 Tibetan rivers to come together and force into a water treaty," said Tempa Gyaltsen, a researcher at Policy Institute, Central Tibetan Administration (Tibetan Government in exile).

He referred to the report which states that India's water demand per capita would increase to 1.5 trillion cubic meters to the present 740 billion cubic meters.

"Zangmu Hydropower Dam on Brahmaputra river at a strategically important location, Lianghekou Damn on Yalong river and the under construction Suwalong dam on Salween and Mekong rivers are already affecting life and economy of millions of people in the downstream countries," Tempa Gyaltsen said.

Adding that a lot of resources are being taken away from but none compensated for, he also referred to the incidents of catastrophe related to Chinese dams, including the 2008 Sichuan earthquake, and Shimantan Reservoir Dam in 1975.

"Most of those dams are in close proximity of many petroleum and mine projects in Tibetan platue. Many lakes get poisoned and international organisation have no access for environment assessment. Locals often protest there," said Tibetan activist Jyotsana George, adding that Tibetans send the videos and pictures at the threat of their lives.

Tanasak Phosrikun highlighted crisis due to the Chinese dams on Mekong river having direct and indirect consequences over the people in Thailand, Laos, Myanmar, Vietnam and Cambodia.

"The 4,900 km Mekong river feeds 70 million people. About 40 million are dependent on the fishery and many more to the agriculture at the bed. It has significant cultural identity and beliefs. This is being taken up by China," Phosrikun said.

Fearing damage, often opens its dams during heavy rains leading to flash floods causing extreme scarcity of food and life security in the lower Mekong region.

Further pointing out the ladder streams constructed by which blocks fishes, Phosrikun said that without democracy neither human rights nor environment justice is possible.

"You don't inherit rivers from you ancestors, you borrow them from your children," said Phosrikun.

--IANS

kd/rn

(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

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Business Standard

With thousands of dams upstream, China has water as weapon against India: Experts

IANS  |  New Delhi 

With having 87,000 dams, many in Tibet, with strategic benefit against India, experts on Friday urged the "down stream" Asian nations to unite and force to sign a trans-border water sharing treaty to counter its massive damming policies.

is source to ten major Asian rivers upon which 25 percent of the world population depends.

"Beside having environmental issues those dams in can be disastrous for us. They can unleash their fury during earthquake, accidents or by intentional destruction can easily be used against during war," Prof Milap Chandra Sharma, a glaciologist at JNU, told IANS here at an international seminar "Damming crisis in Tibet: Threat to water security in Asia".

He further added that this is the "right time for to raise the issue internationally".

Part of the "Tibet's Rivers, Asia's Lifeline" campaign which started in March 2015 by "Students For a Free Tibet-India", experts and activists from India, Thailand, Bangladesh and said that by either blocking or releasing water, Chinese dams in are already directly or indirectly effecting over 2 billion Asians who are dependent on those rivers.

"When it comes to diplomacy, uses rivers as a bargain chip," says Tanasak Phosrikun, a Mekong river activist from Thailand.

Activists say that has built about seven dams on the upstream and total 21 dams on Mekong, 24 on Salween or Nu river, two on Indus and 11 on the Yarlung Tsangpo or Brahmaputra river.

"We don't know if would ever use water as a weapon against Pakistan but would not hesitate doing that against India. It would be surely used as a weapon and that is another major reason for the downstream countries of the 10 Tibetan rivers to come together and force into a water treaty," said Tempa Gyaltsen, a researcher at Policy Institute, Central Tibetan Administration (Tibetan Government in exile).

He referred to the report which states that India's water demand per capita would increase to 1.5 trillion cubic meters to the present 740 billion cubic meters.

"Zangmu Hydropower Dam on Brahmaputra river at a strategically important location, Lianghekou Damn on Yalong river and the under construction Suwalong dam on Salween and Mekong rivers are already affecting life and economy of millions of people in the downstream countries," Tempa Gyaltsen said.

Adding that a lot of resources are being taken away from but none compensated for, he also referred to the incidents of catastrophe related to Chinese dams, including the 2008 Sichuan earthquake, and Shimantan Reservoir Dam in 1975.

"Most of those dams are in close proximity of many petroleum and mine projects in Tibetan platue. Many lakes get poisoned and international organisation have no access for environment assessment. Locals often protest there," said Tibetan activist Jyotsana George, adding that Tibetans send the videos and pictures at the threat of their lives.

Tanasak Phosrikun highlighted crisis due to the Chinese dams on Mekong river having direct and indirect consequences over the people in Thailand, Laos, Myanmar, Vietnam and Cambodia.

"The 4,900 km Mekong river feeds 70 million people. About 40 million are dependent on the fishery and many more to the agriculture at the bed. It has significant cultural identity and beliefs. This is being taken up by China," Phosrikun said.

Fearing damage, often opens its dams during heavy rains leading to flash floods causing extreme scarcity of food and life security in the lower Mekong region.

Further pointing out the ladder streams constructed by which blocks fishes, Phosrikun said that without democracy neither human rights nor environment justice is possible.

"You don't inherit rivers from you ancestors, you borrow them from your children," said Phosrikun.

--IANS

kd/rn

(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

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With thousands of dams upstream, China has water as weapon against India: Experts

With China having 87,000 dams, many in Tibet, with strategic benefit against India, experts on Friday urged the "down stream" Asian nations to unite and force Beijing to sign a trans-border water sharing treaty to counter its massive damming policies.

With having 87,000 dams, many in Tibet, with strategic benefit against India, experts on Friday urged the "down stream" Asian nations to unite and force to sign a trans-border water sharing treaty to counter its massive damming policies.

is source to ten major Asian rivers upon which 25 percent of the world population depends.

"Beside having environmental issues those dams in can be disastrous for us. They can unleash their fury during earthquake, accidents or by intentional destruction can easily be used against during war," Prof Milap Chandra Sharma, a glaciologist at JNU, told IANS here at an international seminar "Damming crisis in Tibet: Threat to water security in Asia".

He further added that this is the "right time for to raise the issue internationally".

Part of the "Tibet's Rivers, Asia's Lifeline" campaign which started in March 2015 by "Students For a Free Tibet-India", experts and activists from India, Thailand, Bangladesh and said that by either blocking or releasing water, Chinese dams in are already directly or indirectly effecting over 2 billion Asians who are dependent on those rivers.

"When it comes to diplomacy, uses rivers as a bargain chip," says Tanasak Phosrikun, a Mekong river activist from Thailand.

Activists say that has built about seven dams on the upstream and total 21 dams on Mekong, 24 on Salween or Nu river, two on Indus and 11 on the Yarlung Tsangpo or Brahmaputra river.

"We don't know if would ever use water as a weapon against Pakistan but would not hesitate doing that against India. It would be surely used as a weapon and that is another major reason for the downstream countries of the 10 Tibetan rivers to come together and force into a water treaty," said Tempa Gyaltsen, a researcher at Policy Institute, Central Tibetan Administration (Tibetan Government in exile).

He referred to the report which states that India's water demand per capita would increase to 1.5 trillion cubic meters to the present 740 billion cubic meters.

"Zangmu Hydropower Dam on Brahmaputra river at a strategically important location, Lianghekou Damn on Yalong river and the under construction Suwalong dam on Salween and Mekong rivers are already affecting life and economy of millions of people in the downstream countries," Tempa Gyaltsen said.

Adding that a lot of resources are being taken away from but none compensated for, he also referred to the incidents of catastrophe related to Chinese dams, including the 2008 Sichuan earthquake, and Shimantan Reservoir Dam in 1975.

"Most of those dams are in close proximity of many petroleum and mine projects in Tibetan platue. Many lakes get poisoned and international organisation have no access for environment assessment. Locals often protest there," said Tibetan activist Jyotsana George, adding that Tibetans send the videos and pictures at the threat of their lives.

Tanasak Phosrikun highlighted crisis due to the Chinese dams on Mekong river having direct and indirect consequences over the people in Thailand, Laos, Myanmar, Vietnam and Cambodia.

"The 4,900 km Mekong river feeds 70 million people. About 40 million are dependent on the fishery and many more to the agriculture at the bed. It has significant cultural identity and beliefs. This is being taken up by China," Phosrikun said.

Fearing damage, often opens its dams during heavy rains leading to flash floods causing extreme scarcity of food and life security in the lower Mekong region.

Further pointing out the ladder streams constructed by which blocks fishes, Phosrikun said that without democracy neither human rights nor environment justice is possible.

"You don't inherit rivers from you ancestors, you borrow them from your children," said Phosrikun.

--IANS

kd/rn

(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

image
Business Standard
177 22

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