New Document top_band
 
Business Standard

Sreelatha Menon: Wings on fire

Violence at Maruti Suzuki's Manesar plant shows the rot prevailing in employer-worker relationship

Related News

The violence witnessed at Maruti Suzuki’s Manesar plant, leading to the death of a deputy HR general manager, is a repeat of what was seen in two other factories in Delhi-National Capital Region a few years ago.

What is turning workers into killers? No one will ever know. For, all investigations seem to be looking at one side of the story — the worker’s. Both the crime and the criminal seem to be pre-decided. The worker is the villain.

The police is already trailing all the 3,000 workers of the Manesar plant, irrespective of whether they were present during the shift when the violence erupted. Police is knocking at their doors in nearby villages of Thana and Aliyar. In fact, any worker seems a suspect, according to workers’ right activist Satyam, who is also the editor of a workers’ journal in Gurgaon. The police chasing Maruti Suzuki’s workers have even detained those from Hero Honda, adds.

Two years ago, a similar scene was played out at Allied Nippon in Ghaziabad. The HR manager was lynched to death by workers who alleged being treated worse than slaves. In another incident, another official in Graziano Transmissioni in Greater Noida was killed by angry workers.

In both cases, the accused were permanent workers — most of whom were fired or arrested. In Nippon, only 150 permanent workers remain, while there are 1,000 contract workers. Seven permanent workers are in jail and 168 on the streets — not even paid their dues. At Graziano, the cases are still on and almost no permanent worker is on the rolls.

Workers are treated poorly across sectors. Many textile workers who work in factories in the Manesar belt have reported to this writer of fines charged for using the urinal more than twice a day! At Maruti Suzuki, workers have taken only a seven-minute break everyday for 29 years without complaining, says a top official in order to justify the need to continue the tradition.

Such norms are not questioned. Media reports on these practices seldom lead to any action against the management. The stock explanation: The workers have not complained. The reason is known to all.

Contract workers are not allowed to be a part of any union. And, if they complain, they would be fired. So, managements prefer contract workers as they do nothing but work. And, for very little money.

While the manufactures 550,000 cars every year, the work is done by 3,000 contract workers and a handful of permanent workers. For the same work, a contract worker gets Rs 6,000 a month while a permanent one gets Rs 18,000, Satyam says.

The company has been promising an increase in wages since January but, despite the rising prices, the workers are kept waiting.

Ram Mehar, president of the Workers’ Union, says the same workers who are now accused of violence, agitated peacefully inside the premises for five months last year. He calls the July 18 incident pre-planned. It began when a supervisor in the shop floor abused and made casteist remarks at a dalit worker. The management immediately suspended the worker.

“When the other workers went to meet the HR to demand action against the supervisor, the HR officials flatly refused to hear them,” he says. There have been charges and counter-charges by the management and the workers on how the dispute was settled.

Dinesh Mishra, who heads the Ghaziabad district unit of Centre of Indian Trade Unions, says neither the government nor the police bothers to go to the root of the worker-management conflict. And, the industry is only interested in its flight upward.

At the root, he says, is the failure to have a working relationship of the employer with the labour.

Read more on:   
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|

Read More

Nilanjana S Roy: Readability, or lasting value?

The strongest argument in favour of reading the best, most well-crafted, most challenging books you could find was made by the late Dom Moraes. We ...

Most Popular Columnists

Arvind Subramanian

Arvind Subramanian: A solution for the WTO
Arvind Subramanian

India is right to support its agriculture, but is going about it the wrong way

Bharat Bhushan

Bharat Bhushan: Ambient intolerance goes up in the Modi era
Bharat Bhushan

With the temperature of Hindutva rising in the Indian social discourse, Narendra Modi is yet to become the inclusive leader that the high office he occupies demands of him

Shubhashis Gangopadhyay

Shubhashis Gangopadhyay: Trust in reform
Shubhashis Gangopadhyay

Labour law reform must go hand-in-hand with reforms that build workers' trust in management

Advertisement

Columnists

Andrew Sheng & Xiao Geng

Andrew Sheng & Xiao Geng: China's subprime risks
Andrew Sheng & Xiao Geng

Shallow capital markets and skewed interest rates have led to over-investment in a few sectors

T S Vishwanath

T S Vishwanath: In search of policy space
T S Vishwanath

India has not shied away from a trade facilitation agreement. It is just looking for a decision that addresses its food security concerns as

Zorawar Daulet Singh

Zorawar Daulet Singh: BRICS is what we make of it
Zorawar Daulet Singh

The BRICS model will need to demonstrate the efficacy of a second alternative governance structure to reform the Bretton Woods legacy

Back to Top