Business Standard
What is Solar Eclipse

Solar Eclipse

About Solar Eclipse

What is Solar Eclipse

A solar eclipse takes place when the Moon moves between the Sun and the Earth, blocking out the Sun's rays and casting a shadow on parts of the Earth.
How does solar eclipse occur?
For a solar eclipse to take place, the Sun, the Moon, and the Earth must be aligned in a perfect or near-perfect straight line – an alignment astronomers call syzygy. This happens around new Moon every lunar month.
Types of solar eclipse
There are four types of solar eclipses. How much of the Sun's disk is eclipsed – the eclipse magnitude – depends on which part of the Moon's shadow falls on the Earth.
A partial solar eclipse occurs when the Moon only partially obscures the Sun's disk and casts only its penumbra on the Earth.
An annular solar eclipse takes place when the Moon's disk is not big enough to cover the entire disk of the Sun, and the Sun's outer edges remain visible to form a ring of fire in the sky. An annular eclipse of the Sun takes place when the Moon is near apogee, and the Moon's antumbra falls on the Earth.
A total solar eclipse happens when the Moon completely covers the Sun. It can take place only when the Moon is near perigee, the point of the Moon's orbit closest to the Earth. You can see a total solar eclipse only if you are in the path where the Moon casts its darkest shadow, the umbra.
A hybrid solar eclipse, also known as an annular-total eclipse, is the rarest type. It occurs when the same eclipse changes from an annular to a total solar eclipse, and/or vice versa, along the eclipse's path.
When is the next solar eclipse?
June 21, 2020: Solar Eclipse (Annular) in South/East Europe, Much of Asia, North in Australia, Much of Africa, Pacific, Indian Ocean
December 14, 2020: Solar Eclipse (Total) in southern parts of Africa, much of South America, Pacific, Atlantic, Indian Ocean, Antarctica
June 10, 2021: Solar Eclipse (Annular) in much of Europe and Asia, North/West Africa, Much of North America, Atlantic, Arctic
December 4, 2021: Solar Eclipse (Total) in South Australia, southern Africa, South in South America, Pacific, Atlantic, Indian Ocean, Antarctica
April 30, 2022: Solar Eclipse (Partial) in South/West South America, Pacific, Atlantic, Antarctica
How to see solar eclipse?
Never look directly at the Sun, eclipsed or otherwise, without any protective eyewear. The Sun’s UV radiation can burn the retinas in your eyes leading to their permanent damage or even blindness.
The best way to safely watch a total solar eclipse is to wear protective eclipse glasses or to project an image of the eclipsed Sun using a pinhole projector.
Difference between solar eclipse and lunar eclipse
A lunar eclipse occurs when the Earth passes between the Moon and the Sun, and the Earth's shadow obscures the Moon or a portion of it. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between the Earth and the Sun, blocking all or a portion of the Sun.

Latest Updates on Solar Eclipse

Biden's new tariffs on Chinese EVs, steel adding to tensions with Beijing

Under the new regime, tax rate on imported Chinese EVs will rise to 102.5 per cent this year, up from the total level of 27.5 per cent

Updated On : 14 May 2024 | 10:17 PM IST

Severe solar storm brings dazzling Aurora, threatens to trigger blackouts

The last time a storm this strong struck Earth was in October 2003, which caused power outages in Sweden and damaged transformers in South Africa

Updated On : 11 May 2024 | 9:10 AM IST

NASA shares video of how Solar Eclipse looks from space, details inside

The total solar eclipse of 2024 was the notable celestial event since it won't be visible across the contiguous US again until August 2044. Videos by NASA displays the moon's shadow above earth

Updated On : 09 Apr 2024 | 1:31 PM IST

Total Solar Eclipse 2024: Nasa takes a dig at itself 'Oops I did it again'

Nasa shared a meme on its sister X profile, Nasa Sun and Space, during the total solar eclipse 2024. The total solar eclipse happens when the moon completely blocks the sun for sometime

Updated On : 09 Apr 2024 | 11:15 AM IST

Tourism economy swells for cities in the total solar eclipse path

Various indicators suggest the eclipse will bolster the economies in the path of totality, a roughly 110-mile-wide belt that will stretch from Mazatlán to Montreal

Updated On : 09 Apr 2024 | 3:23 PM IST

Solar Eclipse 2024: Know when & where to watch Surya Grahan in India?

The complete solar eclipse is planned for today i.e. April 8 but will be unseen for enthusiasts in India. However, the occasion will excite space enthusiasts across numerous nations

Updated On : 08 Apr 2024 | 5:29 PM IST

Total Solar Eclipse 2024: All you should know about next week's eclipse

Total Solar Eclipse 2024: Next week North America will witness a total solar eclipse that will cover the sun for a period of 4 minutes and 28 seconds. Here's all you need to know

Updated On : 02 Apr 2024 | 2:02 PM IST

Total Solar Eclipse 2024: Will it be the longest eclipse in last 50 years?

Total Solar Eclipse 2024: This is a very rare total solar eclipse and it will be the longest eclipse in the last fifty years. Here's how one should watch the solar eclipse

Updated On : 15 Mar 2024 | 1:38 PM IST

Total Solar Eclipse 2024: Here's when and where to see the eclipse

Total Solar Eclipse 2024: This is great news for all solar enthusiasts as they can witness the total solar eclipse in April this year. Here's all you need to know about it

Updated On : 13 Feb 2024 | 1:15 PM IST

Total Solar Eclipse 2024: When and how to watch this rare celestial event

A rare celestial event is about to occur on April 8, 2024. The eclipse can pass from Canada, the United States, and Mexico and then it will move towards North America

Updated On : 05 Feb 2024 | 5:11 PM IST

Solar Eclipse 2023: All you need to know about Surya Grahan in India

The second and last solar eclipse of 2023 is set for October 14, following the main event in April. The Sutak time frame usually starts 12 hours before the solar eclipse

Updated On : 13 Oct 2023 | 5:23 PM IST

Solar Eclipse 2023: Will 'Ring of Fire' be visible from India? Know details

A celestial event called 'Ring of Fire' is set to take place on October 14, 2023. The Annular Solar Eclipse isn't visible from India. Know more details about the event here

Updated On : 12 Oct 2023 | 4:26 PM IST

Hybrid solar eclipse 2023: When, where and how to see rare celestial event

One of the rarest celestial events is about to happen today. A hybrid solar eclipse will be witnessed on Thursdays that occurs a few times in a century

Updated On : 20 Apr 2023 | 12:13 PM IST

First hybrid solar eclipse in a decade begins; it won't be visible in India

Hybrid eclipse goes from the annular to the total and then back to an annular eclipse

Updated On : 20 Apr 2023 | 10:35 AM IST

Solar eclipse on April 20 will bring darkness, 'ring of fire' effect

On April 20, the hybrid solar eclipse known as "Ningaloo" will feature both a total eclipse that will temporarily darken the sky, and an annular eclipse

Updated On : 19 Apr 2023 | 2:42 PM IST

Four eclipse events this year, two would be visible in India: Astro expert

A partial lunar eclipse would occur on the intervening night of October 28 and 29 and it will be visible in India

Updated On : 04 Jan 2023 | 10:42 PM IST

Treat eclipses as natural celestial event: Astrophysicist on superstitions

An eminent astrophysicist has called for treating eclipses as natural celestial events and not believe in superstitions surrounding these

Updated On : 08 Nov 2022 | 4:59 PM IST

Last lunar eclipse of 2022: Why does the Moon appear red during this event

Unlike solar eclipses, there are no harmful rays emitted during a lunar eclipse, so it's safe to watch it with the naked eyes

Updated On : 08 Nov 2022 | 12:51 PM IST

Several temples in Telangana closed due to solar eclipse: Official

Many important temples in Telangana remain closed on Tuesday due to solar eclipse, a senior official of the Endowments Department said.

Updated On : 25 Oct 2022 | 11:36 AM IST

Badrinath-Kedarnath temple doors to remain closed on Oct 25 solar eclipse

Doors of Shri Badrinath-Kedarnath temple will remain closed on October 25 on the solar eclipse, said the temple committee

Updated On : 23 Oct 2022 | 7:33 AM IST