China's Ministry of Finance said the additional tariffs will range from 5 per cent to 25 per cent on 5,140 products.
"On May 9, 2019, the US government announced that since May 10, 2019, tariffs on the $200 billion lists of goods imported from China have increased from 10 per cent to 25 per cent," a statement by the Ministry said in Chinese.
"The above measures by the US have led to an escalation of the Sino-US economic and trade frictions, contrary to the consensus between China and the US on resolving trade differences through consultations, jeopardising the interests of both sides and not meeting the general expectations of the international community.
This was much expected after the US on Friday activated a raise of 25 per cent in tariffs on the Chinese goods worth $200 billion, a move that escalated over a 10-month trade war.
"I say openly to President Xi (Jinping) and all of my many friends in China that China will be hurt very badly if you don't make a deal because companies will be forced to leave China for other countries. Too expensive to buy in China. You had a great deal, almost completed and you backed out!" he tweeted.
He also claimed the trade war would not have a significant impact on the US trade. "We are right where we want to be with China. Remember, they broke the deal with us and tried to renegotiate. We will be taking in tens of billions of dollars in tariffs from China. Buyers of product can make it themselves in the USA (ideal), or buy it from non-tariffed countries."
Trump's top economic adviser Larry Kudlow, however, said "both sides will suffer" from the trade dispute.
In an interview with Fox News on Sunday, Kudlow said it was American businesses that paid the tariffs on any goods brought in from China and that US consumers would also foot the bill if firms passed on the cost increase.
The two largest economies have slapped tariffs on goods worth $350 billion since July last year. The two sides met for the 11th time last week in Washington, only to leave with no deal.
Trump's surprise decision to crank up levies on Chinese goods has dealt a blow the progress in trade talks made in the past.
(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)