The British-drafted resolution renewing sanctions on Libya was adopted by a vote of 13 in favour in the 15-member council.
"This is populism distilled in its purest form," Nebenzia told the council, who noted that preventing sex crimes in Sweden and the Netherlands "is the remit of the national governments."
"Sexual and gender-based violence are part of crime in any specific country," said the ambassador, adding that the council should focus on threats to international security.
Dutch Ambassador Karel van Oosterom said it was "an important step forward" for the UN council to slap sanctions on perpetrators of sexual violence "for instance in the refugee camps that rape women refugees."
UN officials have warned that militia members, migrant smugglers and criminal gangs often resort to rape in Libya, which has descended into chaos since the ouster of Moamer Kadhafi in 2011.
The council in June for the first time imposed sanctions on six individuals linked to Libyan migrant trafficking networks.
(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)