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Syria regime takes on two rebel bastions

AFP  |  Beirut 

Regime forces upped the pressure on two of the last rebel bastions in today, pounding the Eastern enclave near and the northern province of

Shelling and air strikes on Ghouta, which forces have besieged for four years, killed at least 20 civilians, the for Human Rights said.

The semi-rural area east of the Syrian capital is home to around 400,000 inhabitants and is targeted almost daily by regime forces trying to flush out rebel groups.

On Monday, a woman and her three children were killed in regime strikes on Douma, which is the main town in Eastern Ghouta, Rami Abdel Rahman, the of the Britain-based Observatory, said.

In the town's morgue, medics were wrapping the children's shredded bodies in shrouds amid the shrieks of bereaved parents, an reported.

Chaos engulfed the rudimentary facility as rescuers kept rushing in more wounded, some of whom died before they could receive life-saving treatment.

"I was at the market with my father, selling mint, parsley and onions. The next thing I knew, my foot was bleeding and my dad had a injury," said Ahmed Hatem, an 11-year-old boy, as he sat on the floor wincing in

A child and two other civilians were also killed in strikes on the small town of Madira, the Observatory said. The violence also left another 13 civilians dead across Eastern

The area, which had been designated as a "de-escalation zone" as part of an international deal last year to bring down violence levels, has witnessed major bloodshed in recent weeks.

Syrian forces also managed overnight to pin back rebels who had surrounded a regime base there.

Rebels led by the group had in recent days surrounded the army's only military base in the area but the state agency said Monday the siege had been broken.

"Units from the have brought an end to the encirclement of the Armoured Vehicles Base in Harasta," it said, adding that operations were ongoing to fully secure the base.

According to the Observatory, the fighting in Harasta since the base was surrounded in late December left 72 regime fighters and 87 rebels dead.

Syrian and Russian aircraft also pounded targets in the northwestern region of Idlib, pressing a week-old operation targeting the last province in the country to escape control.

Raids Sunday left "at least 21 dead, including eight children and 11 members of the same family" west of the town of in the southeast of the province, the Observatory said.

"Regime and Russian strikes are continuing today on several parts of Idlib" province, said.

Russian-backed regime forces launched an operation on the edge of province in the last days of 2017 and have retaken villages every day since.

After the collapse of the Islamic State jihadist group in both and late last year, Bashar al- Assad's regime is bent on restoring its grip over the country.

province, which borders Turkey, is almost entirely controlled by anti-forces that are dominated by a jihadist outfit known as (HTS) consisting mostly of fighters from a former affiliate.

Among the other groups present in the province are thousands of jihadists from Central Asian states and members of the Muslim Uighur ethnic minority of China's Xinjiang province.

An explosion on Sunday in the city of Idlib at a base for the group Ajnad al-Qawqaz, made up of men from the wo fight alongside HTS, left at least 43 dead, including 28 civilians, the Observatory said.

The toll went up from 23 after rescuers found more bodies in the wreckage and the most critically injured died of their wounds.

It was not immediately clear whether the blast was caused by air strikes or was the result of the kind of internal clashes that sometimes break out between jihadist and rebel factions.

After shrinking to barely a sixth of the country at the height of the nearly seven-year-old conflict, the areas under government control now cover more than 50 percent of Syrian territory.

More than 340,000 people have been killed and millions have been driven from their homes since Syria's conflict erupted with anti-government protests in 2011.

(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

First Published: Mon, January 08 2018. 22:00 IST