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Top Pentagon official in Afghanistan amid push for peace

AP  |  Kabul 

The Pentagon's top made an unannounced visit to on Monday to meet with US commanders and Afghan leaders amid a push for peace with the

Pat Shanahan, the recently installed acting secretary of defense, said he has no orders to reduce the US troop presence, although officials say that is at the top of the Taliban's list of demands in exploratory peace negotiations.

Shanahan said he is encouraged that is exploring all possibilities for ending a 17-year war, the longest in American history.

But he stressed that peace terms are for the Afghans to decide. Thus far the have refused to negotiate with the government of Ashraf Ghani, calling it illegitimate. is trying to break that impasse.

"The Afghans have to decide what looks like. It's not about the US, it's about Afghanistan," Shanahan told reporters travelling with him from

Zalmay Khalilzad, the administration's for Afghan peace talks, said Friday that although talks are in an early stage, he hopes a deal can be made by July. That is when is scheduled to hold a

Shanahan, a former who had never been in Afghanistan until Monday, was scheduled to meet with Ghani and other top government officials.

Shanahan took over as acting on January 1 after submitted his resignation in December. Shanahan had been Mattis' No 2.

Shanahan's views on the Afghan war are not widely known. He said he would use this week's visit to inform his thinking and to report back to Trump.

In testimony before last week, Gen. Joseph Votel, the of US Central Command, offered a largely optimistic view of Afghanistan, saying the current maneuvering between U.S. and negotiators is "our first real opportunity for peace and reconciliation since the war began."

Votel noted that the Taliban are still capable of inflicting significant casualties on forces. Just last week the insurgents killed some two dozen Afghan troops in an attack on an army base in northern province.

In addition to battling the Taliban, U.S. and coalition forces in Afghanistan are focused on an Islamic State affiliate known as ISIS-Khorasan, comprised of foreign fighters largely from "Left unchecked," Votel said in his report to Congress, ISIS-Khorasan "will continue to grow as a threat to our homeland."

In his remarks to reporters during his flight to Kabul, Shanahan said that although the Islamic State presence in "has been decimated," local Syrian security forces are needed to ensure stability. He said IS still has a global presence.

"If something hasn't been completely eradicated, there is a risk of it returning," he said.

Trump has taken an ambivalent approach to Afghanistan, saying his instinct upon entering office in 2017 was to withdraw. Yet he chose instead to add about 3,500 troops in 2017-2018 to bolster the US effort to train and advise Afghan forces.

After Mattis resigned in December, Trump insisted that he had been unhappy with how Mattis handled Afghanistan. Since then, the administration has said it achieved a tentative "framework" for fuller peace negotiations with the Taliban.

"We do not know whether we will achieve an agreement," Trump said in his address to last week, "but we do know that after two decades of war, the hour has come to at least try for peace.

(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

First Published: Mon, February 11 2019. 09:55 IST