President Xi Jinping on Friday sought to ease growing global concerns over debt traps and regional hegemony by China using the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), saying his ambitious connectivity project was not an "exclusive club" and vowed complete transparency.
The BRI is President Xi's signature global infrastructure policy. First announced in 2013, the project promises to build ports, roads and railways to revive the ancient Silk Road and create new trade corridors linking China to Asia, Africa and Europe.
In his inaugural address to the 2nd Belt and Road Forum (BRF) attended by 37 heads of state and governments besides officials from 150 countries and international organisations, Xi said China wants to build its trillion-dollar Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) based on "open, green and clean cooperation".
India once again boycotted the BRI summit to protest over the $60 billion China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) being laid through the Pakistan-occupied Kashmir. The CPEC, which connects Gwadar Port in Pakistan's Balochistan with China's Xinjiang province, is the flagship project of the BRI.
This time, the US also joined India in skipping the BRF.
The Trump administration has been extremely critical of the BRI and is of the view that China's "predatory financing" is leaving smaller counties under huge debt endangering their sovereignty.
In an apparent reference to "debt trap" criticism and China using BRI as a geopolitical tool to attain superpower status, Xi said BRI is "not an exclusive club".
"Everything should be done in a transparent way and we should have zero tolerance for corruption," Xi said.
Xi said China will not engage in beggar-thy-neighbour currency devaluation.
China will continue to improve the exchange rate formation mechanism of its currency, the renminbi, and keep the exchange rate generally stable on a reasonable and balanced level, he said.
Xi said the joint building of the Belt and Road has opened up new space for the world's economic growth and it has also created a new platform to boost international trade and investment, expanded new practices to optimise global economic governance, and made new contributions to improving people's well-being in all countries.
China on Thursday signalled that it is seeking to address the concerns of debt financing with a promise of "sustainable financing" for smaller countries to ease debt burden.
Concerns over BRI financing became vocal after China acquired Sri Lanka's strategic Hambantota port on a 99-year lease as a debt swap in 2017.
Russian President Vladimir Putin, Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan, Nepal President Bidhya Devi Bhandari, Myanmar state councillor Aung San Suu Kyi are among the top leaders taking part in the event. Besides, France, Germany, the UK, Spain, Japan, South Korea and the EU will send high-level representatives to the forum.
Unlike his 2017 speech to the first BRF during which he announced about USD 124 billion additional financing for BRI projects, Xi's address this year did not contain any monetary announcements pledging fresh capital for the projects.
His speech highlighted on co-development focussing more on deflecting criticism and doubts about the multibillion-dollar initiative.
His speech was delivered just hours after an announcement by President Trump that Xi would visit the White House "soon". Some of the measures announced in Xi's speech have been under lengthy discussions during the trade talks with the US, the Hong Kong-based South China Morning Post reported.
In his address, Xi vowed to abolish subsidies to firms that impede fair competition -- addressing a major bone of contention in US trade talks.
He promised to prohibit forced technology transfer and said China will be protecting legitimate rights and interests of foreign owners of intellectual property rights.
China will allow foreign investors to operate businesses in more sectors with controlling or full stake. China will also negotiate and sign high-standard free trade agreements with more countries, Xi said.
China will work with other parties to promote a coalition of sustainable cities and an international coalition for green development under the BRI, he said.
A total of 10,000 representatives of political parties, think tanks and non-governmental organisations from countries participating in the Belt and Road Initiative will be invited to China for exchanges in the next five years, he said.
He said China will increase imports of goods and services on a larger scale.
China will further lower its tariff rates and continuously open up its market and welcome quality products from around the world. He also called on all countries to create a sound investment environment and treat Chinese enterprises, students and scholars abroad as equals, he said.