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Will India's policies help it win the EV race?

Ford scrapped its EV plans in India. Tesla is also exploring options in Indonesia after haggling with India over duties and tariffs. Let's find out if India's EV policies require some tweaking

EV market | Tesla

Bhaswar Kumar  |  New Delhi 

An undisruptive summer coupled with above-normal temperature is expected to bring some respite for consumer durable companies after facing weak demand for the past two years.

According to a report by Reserve Bank of India (RBI), confidence among consumers saw a sharp uptick as retail credit surged to 14% in first half of FY22.

Despite fears of Covid’s third wave, the demand for consumer durables, too, saw a significant growth at over 69% to Rs 28,409 crore, hitting an all-time high.

The air-conditioner business grew by approximately 27% in volume terms and around 38% in value terms in March this year, reports suggest. While metros and urban markets continued to show strong demand, rural and semi-urban areas witnessed moderation. Dealers expect this healthy demand momentum to continue going forward.

But there is a catch.

Analysts expect rising raw material prices, especially that of aluminum, copper and PVC to weigh on margin of white goods and wire and cable companies in FY23. Rising interest rates are also an overall sentiment dampener, as companies try to pass on the rise in input cost to the consumers.

To offset commodity inflation, consumer durable companies took price hike of 5-10% in FY22. But earnings recovery in first half of FY23 depends on how much price hike is passed on to the consumers.

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“For now, fear of weak demand may be preventing a full pass-through” – Pranjul Bhandari, Chief India Economist, HSBC Securities and Capital Markets (India)

According to Pranjul Bhandari, Chief India Economist, HSBC Securities and Capital Markets (India), dividing wholesale price index, or WPI, inflation into input and output prices, only 50 per cent of the input costs over the past six months have been passed on — generally, it’s about 80-90 per cent.

VO/GFX out>

In this backdrop, VK Vijayakumar, Chief Investment Strategist at Geojit Financial Services believes margins of consumer durable firms to remain muted in FY23 as the industry cannot fully pass elevated costs to consumers.

Except Bluestar, shares of consumer durable companies like Crompton Greaves, Voltas, Havells, Orient Electric, Whirpool and V-Guard have been under pressure as they bled from eight per cent up to 21 per cent this year.

In comparison, S&P BSE Consumer Durable index and S&P BSE Sensex tanked over 16 per cent and 10 per cent, respectively, during the same period.

Moreover, the sector is sensitive to rising interest rates. With a surprise rate hike of 40 basis points by RBI, consumers are likely to spend less on discretionary items in a cash-strapped economy.

Analysts believe that only companies having higher scale and lean cost structure will be able to manage cost inflation better than peers.

Overall, analysts expect 2022 to remain mixed for the industry depending on revival of economic indicators, improvement in supply chain dynamics, and consumer confidence.

Lastly, benchmark indices closed lower for fifth straight day yesterday. Both Nifty50 and Sensex tumbled over 2 per cent each. Delhivery IPO was subscribed over 23% on day-2.

As regards today, investors’ will watch out Q4 results of Tech Mahindra, Escorts and Bandhan Bank.

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First Published: Fri, May 13 2022. 07:00 IST